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NEW SERIES, No. 59. 


Annual Monitor 

For 1901, 




Jn ©mtf Britain anfr 3r*Iantt, 



Sold by Headley Bros., 14, Bishopsgate Without ; 


Mary Sessions, 30, Ooney Street, York ; 
and by the Editor, 
William Robinson, St. Ouens, Weston-super-Mare. 





Those who set on foot the preparation 
and issue of the " Annual Monitor," the first 
number of which bears the date 1813, perhaps 
scarcely expected that it would continue to 
make its appearance until the last year of the 
century. Its original purpose was two-fold, 
as expressed in the title page of No. 1 of the 
series, The Annual Monitor or New Letter 
Case and Memorandum Boole; the monitor 
being found in the Obituary and in the usually 
very brief notices of deceased friends ; to 
which was attached provision for memoranda 
and cash account, the whole being bound, for 
those who desired and would pay for it, in 
leather with pocket for letters, which were 
fewer and more valued in those days of costly 

In introducing the Obituary in No. 2, for 
1814, the Editors say, " The remarks offered 
under this head are not designed to erect monu- 
ments to the deceased, but in a few words to 
interest survivors, by extracting from the page 
of example which has been laid open to our 
view, some instructive hint, the tendency of 

which may be to animate the living to pursue 
the path of righteousness and peace." 

The italics are mine, and I would com- 
mend them to the acceptance of all who may 
send notices of their departed friends for pub- 
lication. It is but natural that those who 
write these concerning near relatives should 
incline to say the best that can be said re- 
specting them. But if the above remarks are 
borne in mind, the task of the Editor will be 
less difficult, and he will not so often have 
to hear complaints of one-sidedness or par- 
tiality in the memoirs. We are most of us 
so conscious of many imperfections, that it is 
discouraging rather than helpful to read of 
those who are depicted as though they had 
known little or nothing of the temptations and 
weaknesses that beset us. 

My thanks are again due to those who 
have kindly furnished me with material for the 
present volume, which I trust will be found 
both interesting and instructive. 

W. Robinson. 

St. uen 9 s, 

Twelfth Month, 1900. 

hist o£ (Demons. 

Arthur Albright. 
Charles E. Ashby. 
George Barrow. 
Francis Brown. 
Henry Brown. 
Jane Collins. 
William Drewett. 
John Frank. 
Maria Gillett. 
Charlotte H anbury, 
Samuel Hare. 


Anna M. Harrison. 
Ann Horniman. 
Albert Linney. 
John Messer. 
Joseph R. Pim. 
Helen Rowntree. 
John F. Rutter. 
Wilson Sturge. 
Frederick Taylor. 
William White. 
John Whiting. 

These Memoirs are published on the sole responsibility 
of the writers, their friends, and the Editor. 

Year 1899-19C0. 

| Total. 












Year 1898-99. 

| Total. 


H HHN^toS 1 









I Year 1897-98. 



1 266 



t— t 1 






Under 1 year* 

Under 5 years 

From 5 to 10 years 

10 to 15 „ 

„ 15 to 20 ,, 

,, 20 to 30 „ 

30 to 40 „ 

40 to 50 „ 

,, 50 to 60 „ 

„ 60 to 70 „ 

„ 70 to 80 „ 

„ 80 to 90 „ 

„ 90 to 100 „ 

Over 100 

All Ages 

. m 


I -S.S.S 







Age. Time of Decease. 

Arthur Albright, 89 3 7mo. 1900 


Arthur Albright was the second son of 
William and Rachel Albright, of Charlbury in 
Oxfordshire, where he was born on the 12th of 
Third Month, 1811. His mother was Rachel 
Tanner, of Sidcot, visits to winch place were 
among the pleasures of his early life. His 
father was a man of public spirit, and devoted 
much effort to the improvement of his neigh- 
bourhood and his neighbours, by advocating 
the making of better roads and sanitary ar- 
rangements, and by endeavouring to promote 
Temperance and sounder education. His own 
children were well educated, and were brought 



up in an atmosphere of enthusiasm for the 
human race in which all were counted as 
brothers, and in the idea that to improve its 
conditions morally and materially was what 
made life worth living. 

At ten years of age Arthur Albright went 
to a Friends' school at Rochester, remaining 
there four years, and at sixteen he was appren- 
ticed to an uncle, a chemist in Bristol. At the 
close of his apprenticeship he went to Birm- 
ingham as an assistant to T. and W. Southall, 
of Bull Street, but after one year, his health 
failing, he returned to Charlbury, and estab- 
lished a drug business. In 1840 he again went 
to Birmingham, and entered into partnership 
with his brother-in-law, Edmund Sturge, in the 
manufacture of chemical products. An extra- 
ordinary change has come about in the price 
of some of these commodities since those days. 
Bicarbonate of soda at that time cost six and 
eightpence per pound, and is now sold for 
fourteen shillings per hundredweight. Some 
years later they commenced the manufacture of 
phosphorus, the supply of which had pre- 
viously come to England from France and Ger- 
many. The demand for this article was greatly 
on the increase, being required in the manufac- 



ture of lucifer matches, then coming into 
general use. The raw material — bone ash — 
was at first imported from South America ; but 
in 1845 A. Albright spent some considerable 
length of time on the Continent , and secured 
from a firm at Galatz, on the Danube, engaged 
in the tinning of beef, an abundant supply of 
bones, which after being calcined were sent 
over to the factories, first at Selly Oak, and 
afterwards at Oldbury, both near Birmingham, 
and a very large production of phosphorus was 
the result, so that the firm were able to execute 
extensive orders from the Continent. In 1845 
came the discovery by Professor Schroetter, of 
Vienna, of the form known as Amorphous phos- 
phorus, which made the manufacture of safety 
matches possible. In 1849 the Professor at- 
tended the meeting of the British Association 
at Birmingham, and was the guest of A. 
Albright ; and the intercourse thus set on 
foot led the firm to take up the new inven- 
tion ; and, succeeding in overcoming the diffi- 
culty and danger of the process, they exhi- 
bited a large sample of it at the great 
Exhibition in 1851, and became its chief pro- 
ducers. It will be interesting here to quote 
a letter which appeared in the Birmingham 



Daily Post, dated 4th of Seventh Month, 

" In your interesting account of the noble 
life work of Mr. Arthur Albright, you make 
mention of his success in overcoming the diffi- 
culties attendant upon the process of making 
amorphous phosphorus. 

" The circumstances under which this kind 
of phosphorus was first introduced into my 
country, Sweden — the pioneer in the making 
of safety matches — are of special interest. 

"As you mention in your article, a large 
sample of the new product was shown at the 
Great Exhibition of 1851. There it attracted 
the attention of two Swedes, the brothers 
Lundstrom, founders of the great match fac- 
tories at Jonkoping, in Sweden. The idea 
struck them that it might be used for safety 
matches. They bought some of it, and brought 
it home to Sweden. They had already experi- 
mented considerably in this line, but the pre- 
pared surface of the boxes, when stored for 
some time, lost the power of igniting. They 
now made sample boxes with amorphous phos- 
phorus, and placed them as a deposit in the 
hands of a third person, with the intention of 
testing them in twelve months' time. The 



whole thing, however, fell into oblivion until 
the approach of the Paris Exhibition of 1855. 
It then dawned upon the minds of Messrs. 
Lundstrom that, in case these boxes were in 
good condition, no better exhibit from their 
firm could possibly be shown. Upon inquiry, it 
proved, however, that the boxes had com- 
pletely disappeared. At last a vigorous search 
brought them to light among all kinds of rub- 
bish in the garret of the house where they had 
at first been deposited. Mr. F. Lundstrom has 
himself described to me their eager expecta- 
tion when the box was to be opened. 'You 
can be sure this will be useless, like so many 
of our experiments, so it's scarcely worth while 
to try them, 5 said his brother, the well-known 
inventor. A match, however, was produced 
out of a box, rubbed against the prepared sur- 
face, and lo! there leaped before their eyes a 
bright little flame, the forerunner of untold 
millions. Upon this, a letter ordering a very 
large quantity of amorphous phosphorus was 
immediately despatched to Mr. Albright, who 
was then in very moderate circumstances. The 
reply to their order was of a rather uncommon 
character. It ran, as nearly as I remember, 
thus : — 



" ' Gentlemen, — Amorphous phosphorus in 
such quantities as stated in your letter, can, to 
my best judgment, only be used for purposes 
of war. As I, who belong to the Society of 
Friends, disapprove of war, I beg respectfully 
to decline your order.' 

" ' When we read this,' said Mr. Lund- 
strom, when narrating to me this incident, ' my 
brother and I had a good laugh, and you may 
well imagine with what glee we promptly re- 
plied to Mr. Albright that he need not hesitate 
to accept our orders ; not for war or destruc- 
tion, but for peace, and the enlightenment of 

Arthur Albright took a keen and practical 
interest in politics, and in many social and 
philanthropic movements. Always a friend of 
the negro, he was especially earnest in his ad- 
vocacy of the total abolition of slavery, identi- 
fying himself with the cause as early as 1833. 
He watched with attention the work of Joseph 
Sturge in his successful war against the appren- 
tice system, by which the slave owners in the 
West Indies had made a last effort to perpetu- 
ate their power. Mrs. St owe' s novel, Uncle 
Tom's Cabin, greatly interested him, and he 
met the authoress when she visited Edgbaston. 



When the war between the Northern and 
Southern States of America broke out in 1861, 
his sympathies were entirely with the North, 
and very soon he began to concern himself 
about the condition of the unfortunate coloured 
people of the border States, many of whom 
escaped from their masters and reached the 
Northern armies, only to find themselves in 
the anomalous position of being contraband 
of war, with little chance of earning a living for 
themselves, and no one to look after them, 
though they were as helpless as children. It 
was estimated that there were more than a 
million of freed men in 1864, who had suc- 
ceeded in escaping from the Confederate States. 
The people of the North were straining every 
nerve to carry on the war, yet much was done 
in aid of these unfortunate guests. More, 
however, remained to be done, and the mute 
appeal of these poor blacks found a ready 
listener in Arthur Albright, who began at once 
to raise money and clothing and to establish 
schools for their relief. The work was too 
much for any one man, and a committee was 
formed in Birmingham ; but a wider field was 
necessary, and the National Freedman's Aid 
Union was founded, with Arthur Albright as an 



honorary, but most active, secretary. In this 
cause he travelled about the United Kingdom, 
helping to hold meetings, often in company 
with some delegates from across the Atlantic, 
talking with public men, and in correspondence 
with friends of the freedmen in America. The 
work went on for some time between 1864 and 
1869, when the Government of the States took 
over the schools. 

With his characteristic energy and enthu- 
siasm for any cause for which he was willing to 
work, he appealed to everyone whom he 
thought likely to be of use. Rich or poor, 
learned or ignorant, mattered not; the one 
question being, can they be made useful to the 
cause of the Freedmen ? He was thus brought 
into contact with many men of influence, and 
succeeded in getting a number of able men 
to work with him — often indeed to work much 
harder than they had meant to, as may be seen 
from a humorously plaintive letter, written 
by Thomas Hughes, the author of Tom Browns- 
School Days. Evidently, the " Steam-engine, " 
as he was playfully called, had been making 
heavy demands on his friends, for Mr. Hughes, 
writes : — 

" Dear Albright, — I shall of course be glad,. 



as I have always been, to do anything I can for 
you, consistently with the maintenance of my 
family by honest work. I suppose you will 
come up and make our lives a burden to us 
whenever you want me and Gilpin, so will add 
110 more. 

"Yours (resignedly), T. Hughes." 
A. Albright was a staunch friend of Peace 
and International Arbitration, and was a warm 
supporter of the Workmen's Peace Association, 
which has now become the International Ar- 
bitration League, and materially assisted it 
with his contributions when it founded the 
Inter-Parliamentary Peace Conference, an an- 
nual gathering of members of European Par- 
liaments, which has been held during the last 
twelve years at one or other of the chief 
capitals of Europe. He also aided its efforts 
to secure the adoption of a premanent treaty 
of Arbitration with the United States of 

But the most distinguished service which 
he rendered to the cause of Peace was at the 
crisis of the Jingo war fever, when in 1877 
Great Britain was believed to be in imminent 
danger of plunging into a war with Russia on 
"behalf of the " unspeakable Turk." It seemed 



for the moment as if war was inevitable. A„ 
Albright went to London to consult with the 
officers of the League. He wanted to know 
whether anything could be done to counteract 
the cry for war, and if so, what ? The secre- 
tary of the League (W. R. Cremer), and its 
chairman (Howard Evans), satisfied him that 
the leaders of the working classes in the coun- 
try were averse to war, and they suggested that 
a great National Conference of representative 
working men should be convened at the earliest 
possible date. A. Albright thereupon inti- 
mated that he would place £1,000 at the dis- 
posal of the League, and assist in every way 
in his power by personal labour and influence. 

Immediately telegrams were sent out to 
some of the most prominent working class 
leaders, inviting them to call for a National 
Conference. The response was prompt and 
hearty, and within ten days nearly a thousand 
men assembled at the Memorial Hall, Farring- 
don Street, London. Men came from almost 
every important town in the Kingdom — from 
Inverness to Brighton, and from Norwich to 
Plymouth. There was no time to secure dele- 
gations, and care was taken to invite only men 
who occupied prominent positions in Trade 



Unions, Trade Councils, and other Societies of 
working men. The chair was taken by Daniel 
Guile, Secretary of the Ironfounders' Society, 
and later in the day by A. W. Baily, President 
of the Amalgamated Tailors' Society. 

A very small number of invitations were 
issued to prominent public men as visitors, 
among these to Mr. Gladstone, who unexpec- 
tedly made his appearance. When he mounted 
the platform the enthusiasm was indescribable. 
Men who had heard him frequently, in the 
House of Commons and out of it, declared that 
they had never heard him speak with so much 
emotion and exultation as he did on that occa- 
sion. This conference came like a thunder- 
clap upon the Jingoes. The Liberal press was 
astonished ; the Tory press confounded. It was 
the turning point in the crisis. 

Very shortly afterwards, this decisive blow 
was followed up by a second. The first con- 
ference was composed of representative work- 
ing men in the towns, but it was thought de- 
sirable that the voice of the rural labourers of 
England should be heard also. At this period 
the National Agricultural Labourers' Union was 
a great power in the land. The League was in 
close touch with its leaders, and accordingly 



a second conference of leading men amongst 
the Agricultural Labourers was held in the 
same hall, and was equally well attended, over 
which Joseph Arch presided. 

The bold course then adopted seemed to 
some very risky, but the result amply justified 
the effort. To Mr. Gladstone belongs the chief 
credit of saving this country from an awful 
crime against humanity and civilisation ; but, 
were he alive, he would be the first to pay a 
tribute of praise to the simple-minded Quaker 
citizen of Birmingham, whose generosity made 
it possible to give an articulate voice to the 
pacific views of the working men of England. 

In the spring of 1871, after the Franco- 
German war, and while the Commune was 
raging in Paris, A. Albright went to the Loire 
Valley, as one of the Commissioners of Friends 
engaged in the distribution of their War Vic- 
tims' Fund, and his letters from the central 
office at Tours are full of lively descriptions of 
the difficulties attending the work. In one he 
says : " Now that our corn is actually getting 
into the depots, the people are beginning to 
believe in it. We have been told several times 
that such disinterested aid was something so 
new and strange to them that they have been 



withheld from sending in claims by a doubt of 
its reality. " During the several months of 
absence from home which this work involved,, 
as Lowell puts it, — 

He strove among God's suffering poor 
One gleam of brotherhood to send. 

In 1848 Arthur Albright married Rachel 
Stacey, daughter of George Stacey of Totten- 
ham, who occupied for a long term of years 
the post of Clerk to London Yearly Meeting. 
This union brought much brightness and happi- 
ness into his life, and continued unbroken for 
more than fifty years. His children, eight in 
number, were a great joy to him; and he was a 
delightful father to them, joining in their 
games and pleasures, and often entertaining 
them with stories, of which he possessed a 
rich fund, and which in his telling were some- 
times spiced with his quiet humour. During 
the many years when business and philanthropy 
might seem to be occupying all his powers, he 
could always find time for fun ; and he was 
ever ready to enjoy a joke, even at his own 
expense ; and it was a pleasure to anyone 
who knew him to make a little game of him, 
and see the merriment spread over his face- 



as he took in the situation. He loved a re- 
tort or a repartee. His children once amused 
themselves by making a collection for the 
Freedmen, and one of the boys, arrayed as a 
strange lady, paid a visit to give the donation ; 
and when his identity was discovered the little 
joke was fully enjoyed. His child-like pleasure 
in such things was hearty and simple. Alice's 
Adventures in Wonderland was quite fascina- 
ting to him, and when it first appeared, one 
busy evening he dropped with it on a stiff high 
stool, and could not be irduced to move till 
he had read it through, gurgling with laughter 
all the time. 

A. Albright was an extensive and eager 
traveller, having visited the Continent nearly 
a hundred times, and been in most European 
countries ; and of the United States he used 
to say that he had been in thirty-seven out of 
the forty of them. Many of these journeys 
were undertaken for purposes of helpfulness 
to his fellow-men, or for the alleviation of 
suffering ; and to those who knew him best, 
his long and active life gave illustration of 
what " the disciple whom Jesus loved " wrote : 
"He that loveth his brother abideth in the 



No one who knew him could well be ignor- 
ant that at times throughout his life a great 
shadow rested on him; but it was clearly the 
result of exhausted nervous force, and it took 
the form it did, from his high standard of what 
he ought to expect of himself. Natural 
humility then became exaggerated into morbid 
self-depreciation, and clouded a temperament 
usually sunny and self-forgetful. When once 
the cloud had passed the only trace remaining 
was a. distrustfulness of anything that might 
involve him in a profession of religious assur- 

As years multiplied upon him, and his 
powers for active life waned, it was beautiful 
to hear no murmuring or complaining. As one 
who visited him wrote : " His cheeriness was 
delightful to witness, and he appeared to 
gather up all his faculties and various interests 
with renewed vigour." Thus there was for 
him light at eventide, until, having diligently 
"served his generation," as he believed, " ac- 
cording to the will of God," at the age of 
nearly ninety he " fell on sleep," on the 3rd 
of Seventh Month, 1900. 

Elizabeth Alcock, 83 9 lmo. 1900 
Liverpool. Widow of Thomas Alcock. 



Alexander D. Allen, 84 3 3mo. 1900 

TT'arreupoint, Bessbrook. 
Sophia G. Allen, 30 14 2mo. 1900 


Catherine B. Alley, 80 22 omo. 1900 

South-port. Wife of Peter B. Alley. 
Thomas Altham, 82 14 8mo. 1900 


Thomas Andreasen, 10 30 5mo. 1900 
Stepney. Son qf Tonnes and Mary Ann 

Charlotte J. Angel, 74 4 omo. 1899 
Newport j Isle of Wiglit. Widow of Henry 

Sarah Appleton, 61 25 lOmo. 1899 

Neivcastle-on-Tync. Widow of Walter Apple- 

Ellen Armistead, 84 17 2mo. 1900 

Kcnnington Park Road. 
Martha Arnold, 36 5 llmo. 1899 


Charles E. Ashby, 28 17 8mo. 1900 
Sidcot. Son of Edmund and Eliza Ashby. 
Charles Edmund Ashby was born at Scar- 
borough on the 5th of Fifth Month, 1872, and 
moved to Sidcot in 1873. A happy childhood 
was spent among the Mendips, where a love of 



Nature, particularly of flowers, was early fos- 
tered ; it grew from year to year, resulting in 
an extended knowledge of the local flora, a 
large collection of British plants, and interest- 
ing botanical work with the microscope. 

Success in winning the BelFs scholarship 
took him to Bloomsbury, where his accurate, 
thoughtful work was much appreciated. He 
acted as secretary to Dr. Attfield in the re- 
vision of the British Pharmacopoeia, and on 
the completion of this work was appointed 
Demonstrator in their Chemical Laboratory by 
the Council of the Pharmaceutical Society. 
The quiet influence he exerted among the 
students, his skill in explaining difficulties, and 
the zeal with which he encouraged good work, 
both in the laboratory and in the students' as- 
sociation, induced the Dean to urge him to ac- 
cept a more permanent appointment, and it was 
with much regret that he left a circle of friends 
in London to devote the whole of his time to 
study in Manchester. A farewell supper, at 
which the students presented to him a hand- 
some set of valuable scientific books, was a 
pleasing close to the London life, and they, 
with the silver medals and prizes won as a 
student, are treasured mementoes of his sue- 



cess. On the completion of his degree he was 
appointed chemical tutor at Dalton Hall, and 
engaged in chemical research at Owen's Col- 
lege. Work in this new sphere, which he had 
looked forward to with much pleasure, had 
little more than commenced when it was found 
that disease had attacked the lungs, and an 
open-air sanatorium was recommended. He 
went at once to Nordrach-on-Mendip, \^iere 
Dr. Thurnham entered most kindly into the 
case, believing that prompt treatment would 
overcome the mischief. A high regard and 
mutual attachment was soon established be- 
tween doctor and patient. For many weeks 
every item in the treatment was perseveringly 
adhered to with systematic determination ; 
but by degrees it became evident that the life 
which gave so much promise was to be short 
here, and that the trained and loving spirit 
was required for service elsewhere. 

He often spoke of his happy life at Sidcot, 
in London, and at Dalton Hall ; of the pleasure 
he felt in his work, and the keen interest with 
w T hich he had looked forward to its extension. 
The way in which he received the first intima- 
tion of the serious character of the attack, the 
unwavering energy and sustained effort with 



which he fought the disease, and the calm sub- 
mission with which he awaited the issue, in 
a striking way gave evidence of a deep trust 
in a Father's love and care. No fear, no 
shadow of uncertainty clouded his mind. He 
said on one occasion, "I have the best of Coun- 
sellors always near. He never leaves me." And 
on another, " I have not strength to pray, but 
it does not matter, for all that is necessary 
is given." At Easter time, each day he asked 
for the Scripture telling the story of the day 
to be read, and evidently dwelt much on the 
sufferings of Christ. The calm beauty of many 
of the hymns in the Christian Year was much 
valued. One afternoon a novel was being read 
in which one of the characters was a Roman 
Catholic. In reply to the remark, "What 
superstition ! " he said, " Don't call it super- 
stition ; we can do without such aids, they may 
help some." 

On the morning of the 17th of Eighth 
Month the end seemed near; and when the 
nurse gave the alarm his face lit up with a 
bright smile of expectant pleasure. " You 
must not grieve," he said; "think of me as 
well, quite well, and at work again." But there 
were to be a few more hours of patient waiting, 



and it was not till evening that the answer 
came to a prayer which he expressed with 
touching reverence and affection, — " Loving 
Jesus, Holy Lamb of God, take me to Thy 

A fellow student at Dalton Hall writes : — 

If some time in the future of my life, 

Death's dreaded shadow o'er my path be cast, 
In form of lingering illness that shall last, 

Through many weary months of hopeless strife — 

May I be brave as thou, so face my death, 

With fortitude and patient faith through all. 

Thou wast prepared for what should e'er befall ; 
An upright gentleman to thy last breath. 

S.E.M. (in The Daltonian). 
Hannah F. Atkins, 85 18 lmo. 1900 

Leamington. Widow of Arthur Atkins. 
James E. Backhouse, 52 29 lOmo. 1897 

Croft, near Darlington. 
Helen Bailey, 78 6 lmo. 1900 


William H. Bailey, 34 17 lOmo. 1899 


Thomas Bainbridge, 71 8 3mo. 1900 


Thomas W. Baitup, 45 12 2mo. 1900 

Tunbridge Wells. 
Elizabeth Baker, 55 20 12mo. 1899 

Somerton. Wife of Thomas Baker. 



George R. Baker, 62 29 7mo. 1900 


Elizabeth Barrington, 81 23 8mo. 1900 
KilJiney, Dublin. Widow of Sir John Bar- 

Emma Barritt, 76 15 2mo. 1900 

Croydon. Wife of George Barritt. 

James Barritt, 87 8 lOmo. 1899 


Sarah Barritt, 86 16 lmo. 1900 

Maldon. Widow of Cornelius Barritt. 

*George Barrow, 74 7 9mo. 1899 

Torquay, late of Birmingham. A Minister. 

George Barrow was the eldest child of 
John and Sarah Barrow, of Lancaster. The 
surviving members of his family have many 
pleasant recollections of his early years, and 
of his helpfulness to his parents, in exercising 
an influence for good over the younger child- 
ren ; of his industry and punctuality, and his 
reverence for holiness in life and speech. 
About the age of twenty-seven he left Lan- 
caster for Birmingham, where he resided until 
enfeebled strength necessitated travelling in 
search of health during the latter part of his 
life. He knew what it was to pass through many 

* This name appeared in the Volume for 1900. 



varying experiences ; times of joy as well as 
disappointment and sorrow; but he could tes- 
tify through all that the goodness of God is 
unfailing, and whether clouds or sunshine 
marked his path, grace was abundantly supplied 
for every need. 

His call to the ministry was traced to a 
meeting which he attended at Peckham, when 
Benjamin Seebohm gave a striking address, 
especially appealing to any present who might 
hear a call from the Lord Jesus to speak in 
meetings for worship not to hesitate, but at 
once to obey the heavenly voice. 

One night subsequently he seemed to see, 
as in a vision, a messenger from, the unseen 
world enter his room and say, "What if tliou 
should be called to speak in meeting ? " The 
impression thus made did not pass away, and on 
the 11th of Sixth Month, 1854, in his own 
meeting at Bull Street, he felt he might have 
some words to say; but John Hodgkin being 
present, he prayed earnestly that the message 
might be sent through his lips. The prayer 
was answered, but the following week he felt 
more forcibly that the Lord was calling for a 
testimony from him, and he rose with the 
words, " If any man will confess Me before 



men, him will I confess before My Father and 
the holy angels." It was less usual then than 
it has now, happily, become for a young man 
to speak in the ministry, and one of his young 
companions relates what a thrill was felt in 
the meeting amongst the young people, that 
one of their own number should thus publicly 
declare that he was the Lord's and desired to 
follow Him. Obedience brought blessing, and 
he has told how that night he seemed filled 
with heavenly gladness, and inward peace 
" flowed as a river." 

Though George Barrow never took a pro- 
minent part in public affairs, yet religious and 
philanthropic work claimed much of his time 
and thought, especially that of the Bible 
Society and British Schools, both in Lancaster 
and Birmingham. His preaching grew in 
power and was marked by much earnestness, 
and the emphasis with which he dwelt on the 
full and free salvation offered through the Lord 
Jesus Christ has proved a blessing to many. 
In all his religious work this was his most fre- 
quent theme ; and when illness prevented his 
taking part in meetings for worship many have 
told how much they missed his sermons, which 
came straight from his heart, and were conse- 



quently an inspiration to others. Informal 
visits to various meetings were also much ap- 
preciated by those visited, as he united with 
his friends in attending the small meetings 
where there was often little ministry. 

In the year 1855 he married Susanna Horne 
Kemp, youngest daughter of Grover and 
Susanna Kemp, of Brighton. This happy union 
with a true helpmeet and sympathiser lasted 
fourteen years. In the desolation following 
her removal from the earthly to the heavenly 
home he was enabled reverently to feel that 
the gracious Giver had but taken back His 
own most precious gift, and humbly to accept 
the grief as he had before given praise for the 
joy. His constant prayer was — 

"Calm me, my God, and keep me calm 
While these rough breezes blow " 

and he has often spoken of the presence of his 
Saviour upholding him in those days of sorrow. 

In 1871 George Barrow visited America in 
company with his cousin Mary Cadbury. In 
many ways it was a memorable visit to him. 
He enjoyed renewing acquaintance with many 
relatives on that side of the Atlantic, and 
visiting them in their homes ; and was especi- 
ally interested in the various phases of religious 



life that be saw in the eastern and western 
Friends' meetings. The voyages ont and home 
were rather depressing seasons, yet he was 
able to write whilst at sea of his sense of the 
nearness of his Heavenly Father. On the 15th 
of Tenth Month, 1871, he wrote : " Though I 
was at times very low, yet hope and calmness 
have been my blessed portion, and I believed 
my Father was at the helm, and that He would 
bring us safely over." And later on he writes 
of attending Indiana Yearly Meeting, and feel- 
ing he had a message to deliver there : " My 
gracious Lord was very near, and enabled me 
to tell of His goodness and mercy, blessed be 
His holy name! Friends were very kind. I 
felt there was a danger of their making too 
much of me, but I hope I have profited by these 
fervent meetings, and not been hurt." 

In 1872 he married Caroline Cash, youngest 
daughter of William and Elizabeth Pettipher 
Cash, of London, and for the remainder of his 
life they were permitted to realise continually 
the happiness of a union owned and blessed by 
the Lord. 

In the autumn of 1894 his health began to 
fail. An attack of influenza the previous year 
was followed by weakness ; but there is little 




doubt that the shock of the sudden death of 
his brother Richard C. Barrow was the imme- 
diate cause of the severe illness which occa- 
sioned him so many years of suffering. 

It was wonderful how bravely he struggled 
against invalid habits, so that visitors could 
hardly realise what a hold the disorder had 
taken on him. His earnest desire, when the 
active work he had previously loved to perform 
became impossible, was to glorify God in the 
harder task of suffering borne unrepiningly. 
It is true that at first he found it hard to 
resign one employment after another, especi- 
ally as he had appreciated more than many 
active habits continued past middle life ; but 
expressions of regret became fewer as the years 
passed on. This was his Lord's will, and he 
endeavoured continually to say, " Thy will be 

The pain from neuritis, which was con- 
stant, was often severe, and at times intense, 
and it was a marvel to those around him how 
he could be so patient and uncomplaining in 
all his affliction. 

One resort after another was tried, hoping 
against hope that change of air, which was 
always helpful for a time, might bring more 



permanent ease ; but it was all in vain, and in 
looking back over all these years, one can but 
be surprised at the patience with which he 
endured. "If I am patient," he would say, 
"it is by the grace and power of God, who 
sustains me." 

One winter was spent abroad, where he 
loved to watch the exceeding beauty of sea and 
land, along the shores of the Mediterranean, 
and his pleasure was increased when his adopted 
child came to spend the Christmas holidays 
with him in his beautiful temporary home. 

He was always fond of hymns ; a special 

favourite was the one beginning — 

" Glorious things of thee are spoken, 
Zion, city of our God " 

and often in this beautiful southern land he 
would delight to think of it as a fore-taste of 
the home above, and remark on the goodness of 
the Lord, who made the earth so very fair. 

After some months of change, always in the 
endeavour to find relief from suffering, Tor- 
quay was chosen for a home. The extreme 
beauty of the neighbourhood seemed to refresh 
his spirit, and there the last four months of 
his life were spent, and he was visited by many 
friends, who little realised that the end was so 



near. Under an awning on the balcony, far 
above the bright and radiant sea, where the 
refreshing breezes were especially acceptable 
during the hot summer days, he passed many 
tranquil hours, though it was sadly evident 
to loving watchers that continual suffering, 
which no medical skill could cure, was gradu- 
ally undermining his strength. "Let me go," 
he would sometimes say, " I have borne this 
so long, I want to be in the land where suffer- 
ing cannot come." And then fearing he had 
betrayed some impatience he would tell that 
in all the fiery trial his Saviour did not desert 

The last increase of illness came with sad 
and sudden surprise. The ten days were 
marked, as always, by tender thought for 
others ; and as the hope of some return to the 
accustomed life grew fainter he became still 
more beautifully solicitous for the comfort of 
those he was about to leave. 

The last night but one was terrible in its 
hours of sleepless anguish ; but he never mur- 
mured, only the longing to depart and to be 
with Jesus grew more intense, and those who 
loved him best could not but respond to the 
dear sufferer's petition, " Do not pray for my 



life, I long to be at rest." We know that his 
Saviour was with him in they dark valley, 
though he was too weak to tell of His support ; 
but tender looks and loving embraces showed 
that while thankfully passing away, he did not 
forget the dear ones so soon to be left desolate. 
When, soon after one o'clock on the morning 
of the 7th of Ninth Month, the eyes closed and 
a look of peace came over the worn counten- 
ance, the watchers could but give thanks that 
their dearly loved one was " for ever with the 
Lord." Death was to him "the gate of life," 
and from those silent lips it almost seemed 
as if the message came — 

I go to Life and not to death, 
From darkness to Life's native sky, 

I go from sickness and from pain, 
To Life and Immortality. 

For toil, there comes the crowned rest ; 

Instead of burdens, eagle's wings : 
And I, even I, this life-long thirst 

Shall quench at everlasting springs. 

Edward Beale, 60 25 7mo. 1900 

Clonmel. A Minister. 
George S. Bellows, 29 13 12mo. 1899 

Kimberley, S. Africa. Son of Ebenezer F. 

Bellows, of Cardiff. 



Sarah Benwell, 74 5 12mo. 1899 


Ann Bentley, 65 6 8mo. 1900 

Batley. Widow of Ben Bentley. 

Joshua Bewley, 82 21 9mo. 1900 


Frank Bigland, 47 13 2mo. 1900 


Sir Henry Binns, 62 6 6mo. 1899 

Umhlanga, Natal. 
Emma Birks, 33 6 7mo. 1900 

Sheffield. Wife of Samuel S. Birks. 
Lucy Bissell, 56 27 lmo. 1900 


Mary Blain, 90 22 8mo. 1900 

Sunderland. Widow of Thomas Blain. 
Robert J. Blake, 44 15 4mo. 1900 


William A. Bobbett, 17 26 8mo. 1900 
Bristol. Son of Arthur F. and Isabella 

Margaret Bott, 52 7 12mo. 1899 


Frederick W. Botting, 21 25 2mo. 1900 
Coolham. Son of John and Eliza Botting. 

Nellie J. Boucher, 18ms. 4 4mo. 1900 
Middlesbrough. Daughter of H. and J. 



Arthur Brady, 58 18 7mo. 1900 


Emma Brady, 82 1 3mo. 1900 

Stroud Green. Widow of Joshua Brady. 

Sarah J. Brady, 63 7 Imo. 1900 

Jarrow-on-Tyne. Wife of Thomas Brady. 

Anna S. Braithwaite, 44 10 lOmo. 1899 
New Bar net. Wife of Joseph B. Braith- 
waite, Jun. 

William H. Broadhead, 58 23 4mo. 1900 

Headingley, Leeds. 
William E, Brook, 64 10 7mo. 1900 


Charles Brown, 67 27 4mo. 1900 

Gloucester. An Elder. 
Francis Brown, 95 12 12 mo. 1899 


Francis Brown, of Brighton, was the second 
son of Stephen and Phebe Brown, of Amwell 
Bury, Hertfordshire, where he was born on the 
11th of Eleventh Month, 1804. He was one of 
a family of five sons and two daughters. His 
older brother, Isaac Brown, became widely 
known amongst Friends as Principal of the 
Flounders Institute and a minister in the 

At an early age the brothers were brought 



face to face with the duties and responsibilities 
of life. When fourteen he was apprenticed as 
a grocer to Abraham Sewell, of Yarmouth. 
Here he showed his independence of character 
by gaining permission to work overtime in the 
candle factory that he might earn sufficient to 
keep himself. He commenced business in 
Brighton in 1829 at twenty-five years of age, 
as a wine merchant, a few years before the 
temperance movement arose. He was a man 
of good business ability, and success rewarded 
his industry. As years went by, however, his 
observation of the evil effects of the trade, 
led him to give up the business while still in the 
prime and vigour of life, and in so doing he 
relinquished a large income. 

In 1847 he married Eliza Burt, of New- 
castle-on-Tyne. This union contributed much 
to his happiness, and lasted forty-five years. 
Her death took place in 1891 after a long ill- 

He was associated with Daniel Pryor Hack 
and Marriage Wallis in the work of the British 
Schools at Lindfield, near Brighton — founded 
by William Allen for the benefit of the poorer 
classes in the surrounding country district — 
and he was for many years chairman of the 



Patcham School Board, and held the position 
till ninety years of age, a remarkable record. 
He was, however, of too retiring a disposition 
to become a prominent man, even in the town 
in which he lived for seventy years. 

There was about him a guilelessness and 
simplicity of character, which, combined with 
Christian humility, shed its influence on all 
with whom he came in contact ; at the same 
time he was firm when occasion required. 

The " Steine House Magazine," issued by 
the Brighton Y.M.C.A., gives a true picture of 
the man in the following notice which appeared 
at the time of his death : " Those who knew him 
best will always remember him as gentle, 
kindly and lovable, and entering deeply into 
feeling with all philanthropic and beneficent 
works. His inner life scarcely ever manifested 
itself in words, but in that indescribable, gentle 
peace and benignity which are marks of the 
Christian, and cannot be counterfeited." 

He enjoyed remarkably even good health 
throughout his long life, and as the notice in 
The Friend says, " The weakening of his phy- 
sical powers came very gradually ; there was no 



cold. On the evening of the 11th inst., after 
listening to part of the fourteenth chapter of 
John, he went to bed ; and the next morning, 
after a restless night, he passed painlessly 
away at the age of ninety-five, to enter, as we 
reverently and thankfully believe,, one of the 
' many mansions ' above. A Friend of Brighton 
Meeting says, 1 The blank in our meeting is 
great. It was good to see his peaceful face and 
venerable head as he sat at meeting, hardly 
ever missing on First-day and Fifth-day morn- 
ings. ' " 

Henry Brown, 84 24 3mo. 1900 

Norwich. A Minister. 

Henry Brown, of Norwich, was the 
youngest son of Stephen Brown, of Amwell- 
bury, near Ware, and brother of Isaac, Francis, 
Stephen and Josiah Brown. The family re- 
cords go back through four generations of Hert- 
fordshire farmers, the earliest known of whom, 
James Browne, of Theobald's, near Cheshunt, 
is believed to have joined the Society of 
Friends under the preaching of George Fox. 
Henry Brown's mother was Phoebe Bass, of 
Hitchin. Her elder children were born in 
Hertfordshire, but before the birth of Henry 
Brown the family had removed to London, and 


when he was a boy of eleven they made a fur- 
ther change to Brighton. He has left on re- 
cord an account of his experiences at Ackworth 
School, where he remained for four years and 
a half without going home or seeing his parents. 
After leaving Ackworth he was sent to his bro- 
ther Isaac's newly-opened boarding School at 
Hitchin. Only one half-year was the length of his 
stay there, and he finally left school at the age 
of fifteen. The death of his mother soon after- 
wards, and of his father when he was twenty- 
one, threw him largely upon the care of his 
uncles and brothers. During the next ten 
years he received an excellent business training 
under his uncle Isaac Bass, grocer, at Brighton, 
and he ultimately became manager of the retail 
department. In this capacity his uncle would 
gladly has retained him, but his brothers kindly 
interested themselves on his behalf, and se- 
cured a business at Norwich that had for many 
years been carried on by Friends and was now 
for disposal. It was thus that Henry Brown's 
sixty years' residence in that city was entered 
upon in the year 1840. J[J29^JL6Jl 

Norwich was then a town of only forty 
thousand inhabitants, not much more than one- 
third of its present population. It was well 



known in the Society of Friends as the home 
of the Gurney family. In 1840 Joseph John 
Gurney had just returned from his visit to 
America, and his marriage to Eliza P. Kirk- 
bride followed about a year later. William 
Forster had removed to Norwich some three 
years previously, and lived half-way between 
the city and Earlham, and though, like J, J. 
Gurney, much away from home, he exercised no 
small influence for good upon Henry Brown's 
life and character. 

Some little notes from Wm. Forster have 
been preserved, which seem to show how useful a 
place H. Brown filled in the circle of Friends ; 
and when in 1853 W. Forster left Norwich for 
his last journey to America, it was Henry Brown 
who saw him off at the station, and endeavoured 
to find the valuable bag that was lost on that 
disastrous occasion (see "Life of William 
Forster," Vol. II., p. 353). 

The year 1853 was a sad one in the history 
of Norwich meeting. Joseph John Gurney 
had died in 1847, and now William Forster left 
the city never to return ; and Lucy Aggs and 
Amelia Opie were removed by death. A de- 
cline in the membership set in, and while in 
1840 the meeting had consisted of one hundred 



and twenty-four Friends, in 1865 it numbered 
only thirty-six. Henry Brown was a loyal 
Friend, and it must have been a grief to him 
to witness these diminishing numbers. We 
cannot doubt that it was through Divine guid- 
ance that he had settled there, and that when 
in 1845 his brother Josiah offered him a part- 
nership in his business in London, he felt unable 
to see his way to leave Norwich. His busi- 
ness had involved much uphill work, and 
the position offered him was a more lucrative 
one, but thus early he had learned to consider 
first, not his own will, but that of his Father 
in Heaven. He was diligent in his business, 
and before long his affairs prospered, and he 
had no reason to regret his decision. 

In 1847 Henry Brown married Benjamina, 
the eldest daughter of Grover Kemp, of 
Brighton, who for forty-four years continued to 
be his faithful companion in all the affairs of 
life. Whatever influence for good may have 
been exerted upon him by the Friends 
of Norwich, we may be sure that the presence 
and sympathy of that gentle being — 

A countenance, in which did meet 
Sweet records, promises as sweet, 

was one of the deep inspirations of his life. 




Her sons can say of her, as Mary Penington 
did of the mother of her first husband : " In all 
which time I never, as I remember, heard her 
say an improper word, or saw her do an evil 
action." Together they read such works as 
Conybeare and Howson's "Life of St. Paul" ; to- 
gether they interested themselves in the 
botanical rambles and studies which Henry 
Brown had begun in his bachelor days, ex- 
changing dried specimens of plants with his 
friend the late Sylvanus Thompson of York ; 
together they devoted their time and energies 
to the welfare of the meeting to which they 
belonged. There were always at their table the 
assistants and apprentices who were engaged 
in the business. A succession of these through 
a long series of years must have benefited by 
the thoughtful and earnest demeanour of their 
master and mistress. One of them who twice 
enlisted in the army was twice bought out by 
Henry Brown. 

As a young family grew up around them, 
it was the earnest endeavour of our friends to 
train up their children "in the nurture and 
admonition of the Lord." While they secured 
for them a good and liberal education, their 
first thought was to determine what would be 



best for their eternal welfare. And so the 
years passed on • life always full of interest 
and lofty endeavour ; year after year witnessing 
a growth in grace and in the knowledge of their 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 

Although Henry Brown always took a lively 
interest m political and civic affairs, he was 
never prevailed upon to undertake any public 
office. Unassuming in character and shrink- 
ing from publicity, he preferred to work within 
the limits of the Society, and in 1861 undertook 
the clerkship of his Monthly Meeting, a posi- 
tion which he continued to hold for thirty-eight 
years. His place among the Friends of Nor- 
wich became a more and more useful one as 
time went on, and not a few members of the 
meeting looked to him for counsel, which was 
always given in a loving spirit. He was a 
good man of business, and of high Christian 
principle, and the union of these two qualifi- 
cations enabled him to> minister to the needs 
of many. 

In 1869 Henry Brown took an active part 
in establishing a Friends' Adult School in Nor- 
wich. It was not until he was over eighty 
years of age that he ceased to attend his class ; 
and by his warm interest and work in that 



School he became endeared to many of the 
working-men of the city. One of them wrote 
after his death : " I am certain I am only echo- 
ing the voice of hundreds of my fellow working- 
men when I say that his loss will be much felt 
in our ancient city." His ways of doing good 
were very unostentatious, and often unknown 
to others, and he always seemed unconscious 
of the fact that his life, as he grew older, shed 
fragrance all around. 

He much enjoyed the society of his brother 
Josiah, who for the last ten years of his life 
retired to Norwich, and kept up a constant 
correspondence with his oldest brother Isaac. 

The bereavements that came to H. Brown 
were endured with resignation beautiful to wit- 
ness. In 1871 the loss of his son Leonard ; in 
1877 that of his brother Josiah, and his sister 
Lucy Bromley ; in 1891 of his beloved wife. 
Later still the deaths of his brothers Isaac and 
Francis, to whom he clung with the closest 
affection, produced a sense of loneliness which 
might have made him long " to fly away and 
be at rest." But his youthfulness of spirit and 
the interest he took in all that was going on 
around him never flagged, while, in his later 
years there rested upon him a visible serenity 



of soul, a peace that betokened his anchorage 
in the verities of the unseen world ; and when, 
in a moment, the final summons came, the words 
were on many lips, " How sublime an end ! He 
being dead yet speaketh." 

God calls our loved ones, but we lose not wholly 
What He hath given ; 

They live on earth, in thought and deed, as truly 
As in His Heaven. 
John Brown, 64 27 5mo. 1900 

Wisbech. A Minister. 
William Brown, 62 7 omo. 1900 


Amelia Butler, 80 16 lmo. 1900 


Mary Butler, 76 21 2mo. 1900 

Plymouth. Widow of Philip J. Butler. 
Sarah G. Catchpool, 48 23 llmo. 1899 


Francis W. Catford, 29 27 5mo. 1900 

Annie J. Chalkley, 39 29 6mo, 1900 
Davos, Switzerland. Daughter of Hannah 
and the late Henry G. Chalkley. 

Phoebe A. Chandler, 69 3 lOmo. 1899 

Water ford. 

Ann Chapman, 87 8 lmo. 1900 

Allonby. Widow of Daniel Chapman. 



Maby Chapman, 54 6 12mo. 1899 

Darlington. Wife of James Chapman. 
William Chapman, 87 27 3mo. 1900 

Saffron Walden. 
; Robert H. Clark, 84 29 9mo. 1900 

Stetchford, Birmingham. 
Mary Cloak, 80 27 8mo. 1900 


Jane Collins, 72 19 12mo. 1899 

Nottingham, late of Banbury. Widow of 
William Collins. 

Jane Collins (nee Lamb), widow of William 
Collins, formerly of Claydon, near Banbury, 
was a Friend by birthright and by strong con- 
viction. The principles of the Society were 
very dear to her, and throughout her long life 
she was warmly interested in its work and in 
its well-being, although her own life-work lay 
always within the home circle rather than in 
any public sphere. Born in 1827, she had 
reached the ripe age of seventy-two years 
when, on the 19th of Twelfth Month last, she 
quietly and peacefully entered into rest. 

Having devotedly nursed both of her 
parents in their last illness, extending over 
more than two years, until, within a year of 
each other they passed away, she was married 



to William Collins in 1861. Their union lasted 
for nearly thirty years, and was terminated by 
his sudden death from apoplexy in 1891, a blow 
from which she never fully recovered. As a 
busy wife and mother during many years of 
active life she ever kept "a heart at leisure 
from itself/' and any case of illness or accident 
among the village folk always had her ready 
sympathy and practical help. Among the 
earliest recollections of her children is the 
memory of being sent with a book and some 
fruit to a little invalid girl, or with nourishing 
food to an aged man ; and the mother's gentle 
influence seemed as a shield around her child- 
ren until they each, one by one, entered into 
a definite Christian experience for themselves. 

During the last seventeen years of her life 
our friend suffered much from chronic rheuma- 
tism, which in time rendered her a complete 
invalid and seriously affected her heart. Her 
patience amid much suffering was remarked by 
all who knew her. 

Shortly before her death she quoted the 
lines : 

<£ I am a poor sinner and nothing at all, 
But Jesus Christ is my all in all." 

Believing with Milton that " they also serve 



who only stand and wait," we doubt not that 
some of the brightest jewels in the Saviour's 
crown will be those whose names on earth 
were unknown to fame. 

John Collins, 71 24 lmo. 1900* 


Joseph Cook, 87 30 12mo. 1899 

St. Heliers. 

Martha L. Cooke, 48 24 5mo. 1900 

Liscard. Wife of Isaac Cooke. 
Ann Cragg, 85 4 2mo. 1900 

Lancaster. Widow of John Cragg. 
Elizabeth A. Crass, 49 27 llmo. 1899 ! 

South Shields. Widow of Thomas Crass. 
Elizabeth Crowley, 94 17 lmo. 190O 

Croydon. Widow of Henry Crowley. 
James I. Cudworth, 82 22 lOmo. 1899 


William G. Cumber. 27 25 7mo. 1900 
St. Peter Port, Guernsey. Son of Henry 
J. Cumber. 

Frederic D. S. Curtis, 14ms. 18 2mo. 190O 
Guildford. Son of Albert C. and Evaline 

James P. Dalston, 72 20 lmo. 1900 




William Davies, 66 25 2mo. 1900 

Almeley Wootton. 
Isabella Denby, 45 8 9mo. 1900 


Dick Dix, 62 13 9mo. 1900 

Saffron W olden. 
James Dixon, 88 4 2mo. 1900 


Percy J. Dixon, 23 20 8mo. 1899 

Bradford. Son of Caleb and Annie Dixon. 

Isabella Doyle, 82 28 9mo. 1899 

Banbury. Widow of Thomas Doyle. 

Eliza Drewett, 86 18 llmo. 189*9 


William Drewett, 65 22 2 mo. 1900 


William Drewett was the eldest son of 
William and Gulielma Maria Drewett of Luton, 
and was born on the 18th of Tenth Month, 
1834. His father, who was a minister in the 
Society of Friends, died after a short illness 
at the age of fifty-six, but G. M. Drewett sur- 
vived him for thirty-one years, her death pre- 
ceding that of her eldest son by only a little 
more than two years. 

At the early age of ten W. Drewett was 
taken by his father to Ackworth School. The 



incidents of the journey thither, and his sub- 
sequent career at the school left a lively im- 
pression on his mind. To join the train in 
those days it was necessary to take a coach 
journey from Luton ; and Oakenshaw was the 
nearest station to Ackworth. This early ex- 
perience of railway travelling naturally excited 
great interest in his mind. He had a great 
predilection for engineering and machinery, 
and frequently related how he used to watch 
the making of the Lancashire and Yorkshire 
line between Wakefield and Goole. An old 
schoolfellow says of him, "I remember him 
first, as a lively and cheerful boy, who 
was liked by his schoolfellows. He was, I 
think, a good instance of the practical charac- 
ter of Ackworth education in those days. He 
was always on the alert for information, pry- 
ing into the reason of things ; and, as he grew 
older was fond of poetry, especially of Cowper, 
from whose Task and Table Talk he could often 
make apt quotations." He had an excellent 
memory, from whose stores he was ever ready 
to draw things new and old; and, possessing 
a large fund of information, his conversation 
was always interesting ; and being of a most 
amiable and obliging disposition he was a 



great acquisition to any company. Of public 
bodies he was a zealous and useful member, and 
having considerable scientific knowledge, he 
gave carefully prepared lectures on various 
subjects. Astronomy was of special interest 
to him, and he was able to make it very inter- 
esting to others. 

On leaving school he was apprenticed to 
a miller at Luton, a Friend, Richard Marks 
Brown; and with milling and engineering he 
was more or less connected all his life. 

In 1859 he married Eliza Standing, 
daughter of John Standing of Charlwood, Sur- 
rey, who, with seven children, still survives 
him. Their home life was a singularly happy 
one. He was a devoted and affectionate father, 
and ever received the warmest love and esteem 
of his family in return. To some who did not 
know him intimately, his manner might some- 
times seem a little brusque, and his convictions 
at times expressed somewhat strongly ; but it 
can truly be said that " those who knew him 
best loved him most," and appreciated his 
large-heartedness and sincerity. He was most 
highly esteemed in his native town, where he 
occupied positions in the Town Council and 
School Board, and was an Alderman for many 



years, and for three years chairman of the 
latter body. 

Although William Drewett had enjoyed the 
inestimable privilege of having godly parents 
and being brought up in a guarded home, it 
was not until between forty and fifty years of 
ago that he experienced definite conversion of 
heart. After this, which to him was a very 
marked time, his great desire was to spiritually 
help and uplift his fellow-men; and every 
Christian work had his hearty support and sym- 
pathy. For many years weekly temperance and 
prayer meetings were held in a room adjoining 
his house, which he fitted up for the purpose ; 
and numerous testimonies were received of the 
help and blessing found there. Pledges were 
taken, believers strengthened and encouraged, 
and souls brought to Christ, it is reverently be- 
lieved, in that upper room. He was also a 
teacher for over twenty years in the Luton 
Adult School. 

In 1894 he removed to Freshwater, in the 
Isle of Wight, where he endeavoured in many 
ways to serve his Saviour and extend His King- 
dom. He often helped the Salvation Army; 
the last address he ever delivered in public 
being given in their " Barracks " about two 
weeks before his call home. 



Though brought much into public life, he 
shrank from publicity, saying that " if he could 
work behind the scenes he preferred others to 
go to the front " ; and he had a most humble 
opinion of himself and his own powers. Al- 
though he lived in Freshwater for so short a 
time he gained the respect and esteem of all 
who knew him, from Lord Tennyson, who 
wrote a most sympathetic letter from Aus- 
tralia on hearing of his decease, to the working 
man who regarded him as a friend and coun- 
sellor. It was said that "no one who had 
lived in Freshwater for so short a time had 
ever been so loved and respected." 

In 1895 he paid a visit to India, where a 
married daughter resides, and the pleasure and 
interest of this trip was unending both to him- 
self and others, and on his return he gave 
several enjoyable lectures upon it. 

He was a most affectionate son, and deeply 
felt the death of his mother, who passed away 
in 1897 ; and in the following year his brother 
Joseph died after a short illness. He keenly 
felt the loss of this dear brother, and it probably 
tended ito aggravate the unsuspected heart 
affection, which, on the 22nd of Second Month, 
1900, was the cause of his sudden and unlooked- 




for death. He had not been quite well for a 
few days, but was rather better and went about 
as usual. It was his custom to rise very early 
and spend the time until breakfast in quiet 
reading, writing, etc. On the 22nd he was up 
as usual, and was preparing to go out on his 
tricycle, when a pain at the heart seized him. 
Medical advice was taken, but nothing serious 
was apprehended. After a time he felt better 
and said, " I think I will go to sleep " ; and 
while a daughter was reading aloud to him he 
sweetly fell asleep, and awoke, may we not be- 
lieve, " in the presence of the King." 

His body was laid to rest in the little ceme- 
tery at Totland in the presence of a large and 
sympathetic gathering. 

11 Twilight and evening bell, 

And after that the dark ! 
And may there be no sadness of farewell 

When I embark ; 
For tho' from out our bourne of time and place 

The flood may bear me far, 
I hope to see my Pilot face to face 

When I have crossed the bar." 

Elizabeth Duxbury, 79 14 llmo. 1899 
Oldham. Widow of Robert W. Duxbury. 

Joseph Dyson, 68 13 2mo. 1900 




Richard Easton, 47 27 lmo. 1900 


Mary W. Fennell, 72 16 3mo. 1900 


Mary Ann Fern, 72 31 3mo. 1900 

Bournville, Birmingham. Wife of Eli Fern. 

Henry Ferris, 69 29 5mo. 1900 

Weston-super-Mare . 

Charlotte Fisher, 85 3 2mo. 1900 

Elizabeth Foster, 88 1 3mo. 1900 

Scarborough. Widow of Henry Foster. 
Berthy Fowler, 1 17 lmo. 1900 

West Hartlepool. Son of Edwin and 

M. A. C. Fowler. 
John Frank, 91 15 4mo. 1900 

Clevedon. A Minister. 
John Frank was the son of Arnee and 
Hannah Frank, both of them ministers in the 
Society of Friends, and was born at Upper 
Easton, Bristol. 

His death removes a Friend who in past 
years took a considerable part in the affairs 
of the Society. It was his lot to outlive al- 
most all his contemporaries, so that the active 
portion of his life belongs to a past generation ; 
but forty years ago or more he was very well 



known in Bristol and the west of England, 
while his connection with the various Friends' 
Schools brought him into contact with a very- 
wide circle. 

During part of his earlier life he carried on 
a chemist's business in Bristol, and he always 
retained a lively interest in natural science; 
but his studious and scholarly tastes found 
their most congenial sphere in the teaching 
profession, in which he was engaged, first at 
Tottenham, and afterwards as proprietor of a 
school at Thornbury, near Bristol, where he 
remained ten years. In 1847 he relinquished 
this to take the post of Superintendent of Sid- 
cot School. He did not hold this position very 
long owing to his wife's indisposition, and in 
1852 returned to Bristol, where he continued to 
reside until his removal to Clevedon in 1873. 
It was during this period that for twelve years 
he held the editorship of The Friend. 

The extreme reserve of John Frank's tem- 
perament caused his natural abilities to be 
much less generally known than they might 
have been ; but he was a man of varied powers, 
and of extensive and accurate knowledge, 
which it was a delight to him to impart to 
others who sought his assistance. 


To the love of natural science he added 
considerable ability as a linguist, and he was 
a good classical scholar ; but Biblical and Theo- 
logical subjects were what he most delighted 
in, and he was a good deal occupied at times 
with literary work. His mind was character- 
ised by great precision and love of order. 

Those most acquainted with his daily life 
knew best how earnest was his desire to do the 
will of his Heavenly Father. He was a most 
diligent tract distributor, always carrying a 
packet in his pocket to hand to those he met 
in his walks. 

It was not until somewhat late in life that 
John Frank felt called to engage much in the 
public ministry of the Gospel, but he has long 
been much valued in the meeting at Clevedon. 
Until within the last few years he frequently 
attended the small meeting at Portishead, 
about six miles from his home., walking the 
whole distance both ways. 

He had a very humble opinion of his own 
attainments, both mental and spiritual ; but 
those who knew him best could not but observe 
his great conscientiousness, and his simple but 
firm trust in the love and mercy of God through 
his Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 



Writing respecting one who was laid on a 
bed of sickness, he said, " At such a time the 
feelings and trangressions of a whole life are 
sure to come vividly before the view of every 
awakened soul. The feeling of utter unworthi- 
ness which is felt in the retrospect is graciously 
given and permitted, in order that, renouncing 
all dependence in our own doings, we may put 
our whole trust for salvation in the loving 
mercy of God in Jesus Christ, a mercy only 
bounded by our willingness to accept it. 
" Him that cometh unto Me I will in no wise 
cast out," is an assurance or promise of our 
Lord, which should suffice to prevent despond- 
ency in all who are willing to trust His word 
and throw themselves on His mercy. 

Hymns were a great pleasure to John 
Frank; with these his mind was richly stored, 
and he often committed them to memory in 
advanced life ; and he sometimes liked to em- 
body his own ideas of Scripture truth in verse, 
as in the following : — 

''This Do in Remembrance of Me." 

When we take our meat and drink, 
Let us of His mercy think, 
Who, that we lost sheep might live, 
Did Himself, the Shepherd, give. 



Let the guiltless creature slain 
For our meals, His word proclaim, 
As your spirit's life and food, 
Eat My flesh, and drink My blood. 

Let the daily broken bread 
Call to memory how He said, 
"Bread, the true bread out of Heaven, 
By my Father here is given." 

Let the water that we take 
Thoughts of His blest word awake, 
" Of the water I shall pour, 
He that drinks shall thirst no more." 

Saviour, thus would we fulfil, 
Joyfully, Thy loving will ; 
" Thus, from ritual bondage free, 
Eat and drink remembering Thee." 

John Frank's bodily powers decreased 
rather rapidly during the last two years of his 
life, but his mental faculties were clear and 
bright to the end. He often spoke of death, 
and thought the call might come to him sud- 
denly, which proved to be the case. 

He attended the mid-week meeting within 
ten days of his decease ; and although he was 
unable to express much during his last illness, 
we can rejoicingly believe that for him, through 
the saving grace of his Lord and Saviour, an 
entrance has been granted into that " city that 
hath no need of the sun to lighten it, for the 
Lord God and the Lamb are the light thereof." 



Emily Freelove, 75 24 lOmo. 1899 

Stansted. Widow of Francis Freelove. 
Rowland J. Fryer, 25 12 6mo. 1900 


Norman Fuller, 2 9 4mo. 1900 

Close House. Son of Lewis and Annie 

Maria Gillett, 68 5 lOmo. 1900 


M. Gillett was the daughter of Richard and 
Lydia Gillett of Banbury. Leaving Ackworth 
School after some years spent there, she estab- 
lished a school for young boys of the upper 
middle class, which she conducted with success 
for some years. She was a valued and useful 
member of Banbury meeting, where her pre- 
sence and helpfulness will be much missed. She 
devoted some of her time to visiting the poor, 
to not a few of whom her cheerful and prac- 
tical sympathy was of much service. 

Her illness was but short, and when it be- 
came evident that she could not recover, she 
assured her sister that she was prepared to die, 
and said she felt 

" Nearer the great white throne, 
Nearer the crystal sea." 

She had, it is believed, by faith in Jesus Christ, 



a firm hold of the precious promises givea in 
and through Him, and was found ready, her 
lamp trimmed and light burning, to enter into 
the guest chamber of the Lamb, to go no more 
out for ever. 

Constance Goldsbury, 23 18 12mo. 1899 

Onehunga, New Zealand. Daughter of Geo. 

F. and Anne M. Goldsbury. 
Elizabeth Goodbody, 80 3 lOmo. 1899 

Dublin. Widow of Thomas Pirn Goodbody. 
Emma Goodbody, 12 16 Imo. 1900 

Bray. Daughter of George R. Goodbody. 
Henry D. Gough, 78 23 Imo. 1900 

John Gough, 64 12 6mo. 1900 


Isabella Graveley, 81 23 12mo. 1899 

Ackworth. Widow of Stephen Graveley. 
Alfred E. Gregory, 29 6 lOmo, 1899 

Wigton. Son of Elizabeth and the late 

Alfred Gregory. 
Alfred Green, 24 3 llmo. 1899 

Drumcondra. Son of Joshua Green. 
Joshua Green, Jun., 26 20 lOmo. 1898 

Durban, South Africa. Son of Joshua 

Green, of Dublin. 



William Greer, 79 8 lmo. 1900 


Lydia Grimshaw, 87 28 12mo. 1899 

East Dulwich. An Elder. 

William Grimshaw, 87 29 3mo. 1900 


Martha Hack, 62 18 9mo. 1900 

Brighton. An Elder. Wife of Daniel Hack. 

Joshua Haigh, 73 24 lmo. 1900 

Holm firth. 

Eleanor Haigh, 35 12 lmo. 1900 
Holm firth. Daughter of Joshua Haigh. 

Milly Haines, 48 27 2mo. 1899 
Hereford. Wife of James Haines. 

Henry R. Hall, 77 17 8mo. 1900 

Joseph Hall, 60 8 12mo, 1899 

Wigton. An Elder. 

Emily A. Halliday, 65 17 5mo. 1900 

Monkstown. Wife of William J. Halliday. 

John Halliday, 76 20 12mo. 1899 


Mary Halliday, 62 10 8mo. 1900 


Charlotte Hanbury, 60 22 lOmo. 1900 

Bichmond, Surrey. 



In recording the passing out of this earthly 
life of one for whom it was full of activity and 
happiness, we feel that the testimony she has 
left may be precious to many, to that eternal 
life which is the promise of the Gospel. 

Her life, which has just closed so unex- 
pectedly to her friends, was an unusually bright, 
cheerful, unconventional one, finding pleasure 
in art, nature, and science, blending with 
others' interests and sharing in others' plea- 
sures and cares. 

Her parents, Cornelius and Elizabeth Han- 
bury, were both ministers with wide sympathies, 
and her mother's genial and attractive religion 
doubtless assisted her daughter's development 
in the same direction. 

Her early years were spent in the neigh- 
bourhood of London, amongst the influences, 
religious, scientific and philanthropic, that 
circled round Plough Court. When her home, 
with that of her parents, was changed for one 
on the Blackdown Hills in Somerset, an influ- 
ence that spread far and wide was felt amongst 
the cottage homes around, and Christian 
workers from many lands and many sections 
of the church found from time to time a peace- 
ful resting-place at " The Firs." 



After 1886 she and her widowed mother 
lived with her brother Cornelius Hantmry 
at Dynevor House, Richmond, Surrey. At in- 
tervals she would leave her home for shorter or 
longer absences — her many friends were 
amongst the elite in the Christian life of 
England and the Continent, — but always to re- 
turn, with fresh gathered interests, to the quiet 
rooms, where her mother, now long past her 
hundredth year, was waiting her summons to 
the Heavenly Land. 

In her repeated visits to Morocco, she 
came to the chained prisoners of its dreary 
dungeons with gifts of food, water and raiment. 
Sometimes she brought the prospect of liberty, 
and always some gleam of heavenly hope and 
love to brighten the darkness of their lot. 

The Swiss mountains were haunts she de- 
lighted to visit ; and when in later years she 
made them the scene of her summer journeys 
her coming brought a sense of cheer and 
brightness to old guides who accompanied her 
in her wanderings, or whom she visited in their 
chalet homes. 

About the middle of Seventh Month last, 
when her brother and his family were absent 
in the North of Scotland, she became conscious 



of symptoms of indisposition, which induced her 
to consult a doctor, and she learned that her 
illness was of a fatal character, and that its 
course might not be long. She faced this new 
prospect with the utmost calmness, preparing 
for the change before her as quietly as if for 
the Swiss journey she had looked forward to, 
ignoring all the discomforts of illness, and keep- 
ing around her an air, not merely of acquies- 
cence and resignation, but of cheerful gladness, 
which can be best expressed by a letter which 
she addressed to her relatives and friends : 
" Just a word to assure you that in being so 
unexpectedly shut off from usual life, other life 
that comes instead is far better. I am very 
thankful to be peacefully glad just as it is, and 
with no wish for something else. It is wonder- 
ful to have a space free from pain, from being 
quite disabled, to contemplate what is onward, 
the Kingdom above that is ours, the grace 
giving to us this endiess inheritance ; and be- 
yond contemplating, to live in the life and pre- 
sence of Christ our Saviour, with doubtless no 
gap as to continuity between this time and 
eternity. He Himself lights the present, and 
is declared to be the Light of Heaven. While 
He is plainly calling me from this world, He 



makes all that we have in Himself so blessed, 
no one could wish to alter His perfect way. So 
He puts the greatest thankfulness into the 
present, making it very beautiful with His 
presence in it, and in memories of years that 
He has thus filled." 

To this may be added the follow- 
ing extract from a letter addressed about 
the same time to a dear friend : " Yes, it is 
wonderful, nearing His presence above, and so 
gently led onward. My father used to say in 
his last week or two : ' He will take me very 
gently down,' and so He did. I have, and 
have had no pain, and am thankful for nearly 
usual mind, life and activity. His presence is 
all. How He makes so known and great to us 
His precious words, when He also makes this 
world to be receding and the Kingdom above to 
be taking its place. Sometimes I could think 
life ebbs very low, but it has grown stronger, 
. . . and may He order it just as He will. 
How touching for me to be in so many com- 
forts, and His dear people in China so suffer- 
ing! And my prisoners in Morocco! All there 
I trust and believe, is to go on admirably with- 
out me, . . . only the dear people have a 
gap in their hearts. The Moorish room greatly 



prospers.* So, lovingly, thankfully thine to 
meet in His presence, 

Charlotte Hanbury." 
Her weakness gradually increased. On 
First-day evening, the 21st of Tenth Month, 
she listened with pleasure to some of Ter- 
steegen's hymns. Through the night she was 
scarcely conscious, and at ten on the following 
morning her spirit left the earthly home for 
the one she held to be " far better." 

Yet one more song of joy and triumph holy, 
For a new work achieved, new victory won ; 

Another vessel in the haven anchored, 
Another warfare well and bravely done. 

Yet one more flag is on the ramparts floating, 
Yet one more footstep on the crystal sea ; 

Another harp has joined the many waters, 
Another soul the kingdom of the free. 

Jane R. Hancock, 47 5 8mo. 1900 


Thomas Hannah, 67 3 6mo. 1900 

Kilmarnock. An Elder. 
Emily V. Hanson, 57 7 6mo. 1900 


James Hardwicke, 75 19 12mo. 1899 


Samuel Hare, 79 11 5mo. 1900 

Darlington. A Minister. 

* Henry Gurney, Nutwood, Heif/atc, has kindly taken up 
the work for Morocco, and will be glad t© receive subscriptions 
and donations for it. 



Caroline Hare, 71 13 lOmo. 1899 

Darlington. An Eider. Wife of Samuel 

The quiet unostentatious life of Samuel 
Hare was not marked by much of striking or 
specially interesting incident, but he held a 
high place in the love and esteem of those who 
knew him, and his loss is no light one for the 
circle in which he moved. 

He was born at Hitchin in 1821, and after 
being a scholar became a pupil teacher at Croy- 
don School. He was afterwards teacher of 
science at the school at Wigton, and then took 
the post of bookkeeper at Ackworth. In 1851 
he went to reside at Darlington, where some 
years later he became the private secretary of 
the late Joseph Pease, and on his death in 
1872 he took the same post with Arthur Pease, 
until the death of the latter twenty-six years 
afterwards. During those years a bond of close 
Christian fellowship and friendship grew up be- 
tween them. 

In 1853 Samuel Hare was married to Caro- 
line Rous, of Maidenhead, a union which brought 
much happiness, as well as many of the deep 
sorrows of life, to them. The loss of their 
only daughter in early youth, and of their 


youngest son just entering upon a life of much 
promise, were most keenly felt ; but humble- 
Christian resignation was conspicuous in 
Samuel Hare under these and other sorrows. 
When, nine months before his own departure, 
the close bond of affection and spiritual union 
between him and his wife were severed by her 
death, he continued quietly and calmly engaged 
in his wonted round of duties, sustained by 
the bright hope of reunion after a parting; 
which would not be for long. 

Samuel Hare was a warmly attached mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, and possessed an 
extensive acquaintance with its circumstances 
and affairs. He was a frequent, if not regular,, 
attender of the Yearly Meeting ; and being 
at times appointed a member of some of its- 
more important committees, was able with 
quiet tact and wise judgment to render to it 
valuable service. He was appointed an Elder 
in 1861, and was recorded a Minister in 1874. 
In this service he was greatly helped by his 
intimate acquaintance with the Scriptures, of 
which he was a diligent student from his early 
youth; and his clear and retentive memory 
enabled him, by correct quotation, to use them 
with much helpfulness in his religious addresses,, 



which were at times further commended to his 
hearers by the introduction of appropriate pas- 
sages from some of the poets. Solemnity and 
spiritual power often accompanied his service 
as a preacher, and stamped his message as being 
from the Lord; whilst his humility and unas- 
suming bearing still further commended it to 
the acceptance of both young and old. 

One who was brought into intimate ac- 
quaintance with Samuel Hare writes : " His 
daily walk appeared to be the walk with God. 
His sympathy with those in affliction was 
genuine and practical. The larger service was 
cheerfully rendered ; the smaller aid was never 
for a moment forgotten. The soothing, com- 
forting word came from the heart and went 
to the heart. How often he was consulted, 
and by how many, in those difficult problems 
of conscience that fall to the lot of human life ! 
How quietly and how humbly, and yet how 
clearly, did he state the difficulty and give his 
opinion and help! Were any in difficulties 
concerning body, mind, or estate, our dear 
friend was the sympathising counsellor and the 
ready practical adviser, and frequently the 
speedy and successful peacemaker. His posi- 
tion as private secretary opened out to him 



a large religious and philanthropic correspond- 
ence with a wide circle of Friends, both at 
home and in the United States." 

At the Durham Quarterly Meeting in 
Fourth Month, 1900, Samuel Hare was ap- 
pointed a representative to the Yearly Meet- 
ing ; but on the 11th of Fifth Month he passed 
away after less than a week's illness, to rejoin 
those gone before to the " better Heavenly 
country." There had been little opportunity 
for speaking of his hope and confidence, and 
hours of unconsciousness before the close pre- 
vented any dying testimony; but the more 
blessed testimony of his humble, stedfast, Chris- 
tion life gives those who mourn his loss the 
comforting assurance that in leaving service 
on earth he has been called to the higher ser- 
vice of Heaven. 

Eliza Harris, 69 10 lOmo. 1899 

Cocker mouth. 
Jane Harris, 63 7 4mo. 1900 


John C. Harris, 26 20 9mo. 1900 


Anna M. Harrison, 73 30 lOmo. 1899 

In the mysterious workings of the Divine 




will, some men and women seem singled out 
to fight the battle of life with unusual diffi- 
culty, and to reach by self-conquest a higher 
victory than is given to others. Such an one 
may be gifted with energy and power of feeling 
and doing in a high degree, and yet be con- 
demned to submit to limitations and condi- 
tions which seem to thwart all the gifts of 
Nature. The writers of these few lines feel 
that perhaps what can be told of the life of 
Anna Mary Harrison may be a help to some 
who find it hard to take their portion of in- 
activity, to sit in the shade of life, when by 
temperament they feel competent to enjoy the 
sunshine, and to be doing their part in the full 
life of the arena. 

The subject of this sketch was by nature 
equipped for a life of activity. She was gifted 
with almost boundless powers of enjoyment, 
with a strong will, an enterprising spirit, an 
energetic and adventurous mind ; and she was 
condemned to bodily infirmity, which held her 
more or less a prisoner all her life. 

Anna Mary Harrison, the eldest child of 
Daniel and Anna Harrison, was born in Liver- 
pool on the 18th of Eleventh Month, 1825. 
When an infant she fell from some steps and 



injured her hip, and in consequence was lame 
for the rest of her life. This naturally affected 
her whole career. With a younger sister and 
brother, Mary went to Ackworth School, and 
there, according to the unnatural arrangements 
at that time, these little children remained for 
three years without visiting their home. It 
is needless to say that the school in those days 
was not what it is now, and one is not sur- 
prised to find that Mary and her sister and 
brother looked back to their school-days as a 
painful memory. 

The trio returned home to find their 
parents, brothers and sisters almost strangers ; 
and we can well imagine the shy awkwardness 
of the first months. But Mary soon became 
useful, finding full scope for her endless activity 
and resourcefulness amongst the younger child- 
ren. Her mother often spoke of those years, 
and told of Mary's indomitable perseverance 
and determination to do what she had to do 
well. She very early developed an intense love 
for colour and artistic work of any kind. In 
days when the love of art came little into the 
scheme of life, she gave grace and beauty 
and originality to her home and all her sur- 
roundings. She had an instinctive apprecia- 



tion of the best in pictures and in literature y 
and her eager mind fastened upon excellence 
in whatever form it showed itself, from skilful 
carpentry to works of the highest art. This 
love of artistic things remained through life, 
and in many directions she was a successful 
worker. Without guidance or technical train- 
ing she became a faithful copyist of Fra An- 
gelica's pictures. An artist once said : " Lying 
here on her sofa she enters more into the 
spirit and colour of Fra Angelico than many of 
the artists whose easels I have seen set up be- 
fore his pictures in Florence." She was skilful 
with her needle, and some of her muslin work 
embroidery when young is preserved as a 
marvel of finish and delicacy. She designed 
and embroidered in silk and wool with great 
skill and with the firmness of a professional 
worker. With no pretensions to being an 
artist herself, she had the true artistic appre- 
ciation and sympathy, and in consequence she 
gathered through life friends amongst artists, 
who valued her taste, and often came to her for 
advice and criticism — a criticism which was 
always original and genuine. 

In her little home at Boscombe she had 
collected a small gallery of paintings, some 



bought with knowledge and discretion — some 
gifts ; all beautiful and meaning something 
definite to their possessor. She was a diligent 
reader of Ruskin, and she not only possessed 
almost every book he ever published, but had 
an intimate knowledge of their contents and 

Her reading and artistic interests made 
her long to travel, and when about twenty she 
went alone to Germany — by no means so easy 
a matter for a girl then as now. She entered 
into German life with great zest, and in after 
years she repeatedly visited the Continent with 
delight. On her return from her first stay of 
some years she undertook the education of her 
three young sisters, and at one time went to 
Germany and France with them. She loved 
young people, and it is probable that what most 
of those who came into contact with her would 
recognise as her greatest gift, was her power of 
setting young people to work and helping them 
in any path for which she felt that nature had 
designed them. 

Again and again from unexpected sources 
came letters after her death, some from middle- 
aged men, telling of help which they felt she 
had given them. One wrote : " I shall ever be 


grateful to her for her sympathy and encour- 
agement when I was young." Another says : 
" She was the saving of me ; I know now how 
much I owe her." 

She numbered amongst her friends many 
of the earnest workers of the day; notably 
amongst these was Octavia Hill, whom she had 
known from her girlhood. 

At the time of the American Civil War 
she threw herself with ardour on the side of the 
North, when in England it had too few friends. 
She endeavoured to influence public opinion, 
and to arouse sympathy in the cause which she 
felt to be that of justice and true progress. 
This work brought her into correspondence with 
many interesting people. She had letters from 
Gladstone, John Bright, and many others. 

During the last years of her mother's life 
Mary was her companion and devoted nurse. 
After the death of her mother in 1882 she her- 
self became more or less of an invalid, living 
for some time in the home of her widowed 
sister, and afterwards till the time of her 
death in her own little home at Boscombe, 
kindly cared for by a faithful maid, who was 
her companion up to the last. 

Though confined very much to her room 



and garden during the last year of her life, 
she never ceased to interest herself in outside 
affairs, and to take kindly thought for many 
poor people whom she had helped in one way or 
another. One of the last things she spoke of, 
when it was a hard struggle to articulate, was 
her wish that a carpenter with whom she had 
had friendly intercourse for years should have 
some catalogues of the Arts and Crafts which 
she had promised him. 

During her lifetime she had what is com- 
mon to many active-minded people — a terrible 
dread of death ; but it was a wonderful thing 
to those who knew her well to see how, in the 
last days of her illness, she could quietly con- 
template what had been her great terror, talk- 
ing calmly of the time when she must leave all 
she had loved so passionately on earth. She 
died on the 31st of Tenth Month, 1899, a 
member of the Society of Friends. 

Anna Mary Harrison's temperament was 
not such as to make a patient or resigned in- 
valid; submission was not easy to her. "Her 
life," said one who loved her, " is a cage, and 
she has very strong wings." But she was never 
gloomy or complaining. She met life with un- 
conquerable cheerfulness. If a hasty word 




escaped her, the acknowledgment was instant 
and generous. She poured her strength into 
many channels, not one of which had self for 
its object. Under her intense love of life and 
the beauty of life, and the glory of " this splen- 
did world," was a child-like faith and love to- 
wards God. To him that overcometh is the 
secret sign of love given. It pleased the Divine 
Providence, which had ordered the many re- 
strictions of her life, that sweetness and peace, 
like a sheltering cloud, should fold around her 
in the last months of her life. 
Henry J. Harrison, 44 13 6mo. 1900 

William Harrison, 65 12 4mo. 1900 

Boivness on Windermere. 
John Haslam, 77 28 llmo. 1899 

Glengeary, Dublin. 
Joseph Heaton, 40 25 6mo. 1900 

Thomas Hemming, 63 21 4mo. 1900 

Kings Norton. An Elder. 
Lucy Hicks, 63 7 9mo. 1900 

Maldon. Widow of Charles Hicks. 
Ann E. Hill, 85 21 Imo. 1900 

Harolds Cross, Dublin. Widow of Samuel 




Harrietts Hill, 88 14 3mo. 1900 

Bathmines. Widow of William S. Hill. 
Lucy Ann Hine, 74 10 lOmo. 1899 

Tottenham. Widow of John G. Hine. 
Samuel Hip wood, 64 26 12mo. 1899 

Gloucester. A Minister. 
Sarah J. Hollins, 59 15 2mo. 1900 


Thomas Hopkins, 68 20 6mo. 1900 


Ann HorIniman, 100 19 7mo. 1900 

Croydon. Widow of John Horniman. 

William H. Horniman, 67 24 2mo. 1900 

One of the gentlest of gentle and loving 
spirits passed away to the Better Land when, 
on the 20th of Seventh Month, 1900, Ann 
Horniman died at her beautiful home, Coombe 
Cliff, Croydon, in the hundred and first year 
of her age. She had always accounted herself 
one of the least of God's little ones ; yet she 
had been in her unobtrusive way a power for 
good, for it can be truly said of her that " on 
her lips" at all times "had been the law of 
kindness." In the training of her children 
there was no harshness or scolding ; and if 
she had to reprove them for wrong doing, her 



endeavour was to lead them to be so conscious 
of the wrong that they would themselves wish 
to avoid it and to do right. To speak evil of 
no man was a precept which she always sought 
to obey, and if it was needful for her to allude 
to faults and failings her uniform practice was 
to excuse and palliate them as much as pos- 
sible. Her kindliness of heart found many 
channels for its exercise. As was said by a 
Friend who spoke at her funeral, " All who 
knew her would remember the many little acts 
of kindness shown by our beloved sister, es- 
pecially to those who most needed help and 
consolation, ever ready as she had been with 
a kind word or a little gift to cheer, on life's 
pathway, those who were in sorrow or distress ; 
so that the words would fitly apply to her, 
'inasmuch as ye did it unto one of the least 
of these My brethren, ye did it unto Me." 

Ann Smith was born at Witney on the 
27th of Third Month, 1800; and in Twelfth 
Month, 1825, was married at Reading to John 
Horniman, a native of that town. He died in 
1893, and thus their union continued unbroken 
for nearly sixty-eight years. Not a little of 
vicissitude attended them during its early de- 
cades, and sorrow was not wanting in the 



midst of prosperity as years multiplied upon 
them ; but their union of heart became a very 
close and tender one, and it was beautiful to 
see them together at their own fireside in their 
declining years, the husband almost parental 
in the tenderness of his love and gentle care ; 
whilst the wife, grown very frail, was as trust- 
ful and confiding as a child in "my John," as 
she was wont to call him. 

When John Horniman died in his 90th 
year, he left his widow so feeble that many who 
knew what his energy and activity had been 
till within a few months of his death marvelled 
that she should be the survivor. She herself 
had not expected it by any means. During 
their stay at Torquay, in the winter of 1891, 
it had been to her husband a cause of much 
distress that she wished him to go to Croydon 
and arrange for her interment in the then 
closed burial ground adjoining the Friends' 
Meeting-house in Park Lane. She was so wish- 
ful to be laid beside " dear Hannah " (their 
only daughter who had passed away many years 
before), and she thought that her continuance 
here would not be for long. The arrangement 
was satisfactorily made ; but the end for her 
was not to be yet, and she lingered on, lovingly 



watched over by her faithful and long-tried 
attendants, for nearly seven years after her 
husband had been called away. 

During the almost infantile weakness of 
these latter years she sometimes gave expres- 
sions to her feelings of entire dependence and 
trust in her dear Saviour. On one occasion, 
when a much-attached caretaker returned from 
meeting, A. Horniman said to her : " If I knew 
where Jesus is I would put up my prayer to 
Him morning and night " ; and when she was 
assured that He was always near, she said : 
" Oh, yes, dear, and He says, 1 Don't grieve, I 
will pity thy sorrows, and pardon thy sins. 5 " 
Hymns were a great comfort to her ; she often 
asked for one in which the lines occur : — 

On Christ, the solid Rock, I stand ; 

All other ground is sinking sand. 
Once, after repeating her favourite — 

Great God, Thy name be blessed, 
Thy goodness be adored : 

My mind has been distressed, 
But Thou hast peace restored — 
she added: "I do not think I should be per- 
mitted to feel this if it were not true. I think 
when I am gone you will be comforted when 
you reflect, 

And every sorrow is consigned 
Into her Saviour's breast. 



When some of her faculties had become much 

enfeebled her memory for such verses served 

her well; so that in brighter intervals she 

would sometimes repeat correctly quite long 

pieces, and perhaps none more frequently than 

Cowper's hymn : — 

God moves in a mysterious way 
His wonders to perform. 

J. and A. Horniman had been much " given 
to hospitality," and had often entertained those 
travelling in the service of the Gospel. To all 
such guests A. Horniman was a most kind and 
thoughtful hostess. Among them was the late 
Isaac Sharp. At the time of his last visit she 
was very feeble, and her deafness made it diffi- 
cult for him to address her ; but he wished her 
to be told that he always thought of her in 
connection with her dear husband (they had 
both been very kind and generous to him), and 
often prayed that she might be supported until 
the time when it should please the dear Lord 
to grant them a happy re-union. " Tell her," 
he said, " that for myself, I have strength given 
me day by day to carry out all that my dear 
Master requires of me." 

In the Second Month, 1900, Ann Horni- 
man's elder son, William Henry Horniman, 



died at Torquay, where he had resided for 
nearly twenty years. After being educated at 
Sidcot School he had been engaged with his 
father and brother in the tea trade, first at. 
Dalston, and later at Wormwood Street, Lon- 
don, until his health gave way in 1869, and it 
became needful for him to retire from business 
life. This breakdown, and the repeated and 
distressing attacks of his malady, were a great 
trial to his parents, and formed a large 
item in the sorrow which chequered their happi- 
ness. Before this failure of health W. H. Horni- 
man had been a diligent sharer in First-day 
School and mission work at Croydon; and 
afterwards, during his brighter periods, he gave 
evidence of deep religious feeling. At these 
times also the interest he took in botany, ento- 
mology, and other branches of natural history,, 
was very helpful to him. 

On her hundredth birthday, the 27th of 
Third Month, Ann Horniman was unusually 
bright, and much enjoyed the visit of some 
friends ; but as the heat of summer came on 
her very little remaining strength ebbed away. 
There was no specific disease, but the lamp of 
life was flickering to its close. To a friend who 
called shortly before the end she said : " My 



Heavenly Father will come soon and take His 

little child home." Peacefully and very gently 

she sank to rest, and passed away on the 20th 

of Seventh Month, so quietly that her faithful 


Thought her dying when she slept, 
And sleeping when she died. 

On the day after her funeral the follow- 
ing paragraph appeared in a Croydon news- 
paper : " There was a touching service at the 
Friends' Meeting-house yesterday, the occasion 
being the burial of a centenarian Quakeress, 
the worthy mother of Mr. F. J. Horniman, 
M.P. She was, we understand, in her hun- 
dred and first year. The simple Quaker rites 
deeply impressed the invited visitors, who were 
informed that this would be the last interment 
in the ancient burial place." 

Hichard Hoskin, 72 11 10mo. 1899 


Sarah Howarth, 47 6 6mo. 1900 


Heady Howie, 81 15 3mo. 1900 

Edinburgh. Widow of Alexander Howie. 

William J. Hughes, 63 14 lmo. 1900 



William Hunter, 90 16 12mo. 1899 

Height in Cartmel. 
Eliza Jackson, 52 8 lmo. 1900 

Bishop Auckland. 
Joshua H. Jackson, 34 23 6mo. 1900 


Mark Jackson, 68 25 2mo. 1900 


Thomas Jackson, 68 4 lmo. 1900 

Avondale, Auckland, New Zealand. 
William H. Jackson, 25 6 8mo. 1899 

Avondale. Son of Thomas and Ann Jackson. 
Edward H. R. James, 22 14 7mo. 1900 

Truri. Son of S. W. and E. A. James. 
Elizabeth Jellico, 70 21 lOmo. 1899 

Blackrock, Cork. Wife of Frederick Jellico. 
Hannah Jowitt, 80 5 lmo. 1900 

Bishop Thornton. Widow of Joseph Jowitt. 
Elizabeth Kane, 71 12 8mo. 1900 

Bessbrook. Widow of Acheson Kane. 
Jane Kincey, 79 23 3mo. 1900 

Trenton, Birkenhead. 
George S. King, 34 17 lOmo. 1899 

Cherrelyn, Colorado. Son of James and 

Margaret S. King. 
Samuel Kershaw, 61 6 2mo. 1900 




Hannah Knowles, 78 3 6mo. 1900 

Bentham. Widow of Christopher Knowles. 

Arthur M. Lambert, 19 29 5mo. 1900 
Leeds. Son of Richard M. and Mary C. 

Edward A. Leatham, 71 6 2mo. 1900 

Miser den Park, Cirencester. 
Mary Leicester, 92 21 9mo. 1900 

Sunderland. Widow of Thomas Leicester, 

of Liverpool. 
Martha Lidbetter, 88 31 Imo. 1900 

Ettington. Widow of Thomas Lidbetter. 
Albert Linney, 57 4 6mo. 1900 

Ackworth. A Minister. 

Albert Linney was born at Ackworth in 
the year 1842. He was the son of George F. 
and Mary Linney ; the former was intimately 
connected with the school as managing tailor 
or drilling-master from the year 1829 until 1867. 

Albert Linney was always a healthy boy and 
very good tempered, unselfish, careful, and 
happy in his play. He owed much to the 
guarded and godly training which he, with 
his brothers and sisters, received from their 
parents, who carefully instilled into them prin- 
ciples of right, of truthfulness, uprightness and 



He entered Ackworth School in 1852. His 
earlier years were characterised by the same 
quiet determination and unobtrusive ways that 
developed in later life. He was a quiet, studious 
boy — not greatly given to boisterous and rough 
games ; but he grew especially fond of cricket, 
and became one of the good players of that day. 
Studious by nature, he never would neglect 
lessons, and consequently passed through his 
four years' course with considerable success. 
At the age of fourteen he resolved to enter the 
life of a teacher. After a short term of pre- 
paratory study at the Flounders Institute, he 
became a junior teacher ac Newtown in 1859. 

V/hen about nineteen he wrote to a dear 
friend, " Permit me to hope that thou art 
progressing in thy exertion after better things 
than those of this world; and not only thou, 
but that others and myself may do what we 
can to spread the knowledge of the love and 
mercy of Him from whom we certainly have 
received blessings many and great." 

His Christian character was no doubt 
greatly influenced by the teaching of the solid 
truths of our Christian faith by the late Isaac 
Brown, and we find him a few months later 
writing to his father : " As to spiritual matters 



I have much to be thankful for in having my 
mind increasingly drawn towards God, and being 
enabled to keep the fear of Him before me more 
and more, and being delivered from many 
temptations ; and yet how long it is before 
we give up trusting in ourselves ! I think there 
is day beginning to dawn here in this meeting. 
I don't see how to help it at present, except 
by prayer." 

This same quiet Christian influence was* 
with him on his removal to Sidcot School in 
1862, where his deep love for natural history 
found abundant gratification, and where he 
endeared himself alike to his fellow-teachers 
and to the scholars. 

Albert Linney returned to Ackworth School 
in 1865, and here the rest of his life was to be 
spent. From 1869 to 1875 he filled the post 
of Master-on-Duty. His rule would seem 
probably to most of his scholars characterised 
rather by a strong sense of justice, imparti- 
ally administered, than by leniency ; but the 
following recollections of a former scholar 
show that this was, after all, only one side of 
the shield. "My stay at Ackworth coincided 
exactly with Albert Linney's tenure of the 
post of Master-on-Duty, so that I never knew 




him as teacher of a class. But the general 
effect of his daily readings in the dining-room, 
and of his Scriptural instruction given else- 
where, made him an impressive figure in my 
young eyes from the first. Out of doors I 
always found him exceedingly pleasant, al- 
though this must have been in what he after- 
wards regarded as his hard and unsympathetic 
period. I fear that his retrospective self- 
criticism may be taken too seriously. At the 
worst, his earlier manner was only an uncon- 
scious reflection of the mental attitude of the 
boys to him, and it varied with the individual 
with whom he might happen to be in contact. 

Unruly spirits might find him " hard," and 
would never in those days get hold of his 
sympathy. But to small and quiet boys, be- 
wildered in their first experiences in the great 
world of school, his manner was characterised 
by an almost womanly tenderness, which can- 
not, I think, be over common to-day. It was 
thus that I knew him in that far-off time, and 
my impressions being those of a fairly intelli- 
gent observer may perhaps be not altogether 
without value." 

In 1875 Albert Linney succeeded Benja- 
min Goouch as teacher of the First Class, and 



for a quarter of a century devoted himself to 
the duties of that position. As a young man 
he was quiet and somewhat reserved ; but 
among his chosen friends he was very popular 
on account of his kindly disposition, his quiet 
humour, and great fund of general informa- 
tion, which made him an intelligent and agree- 
able companion. He was still fond of cricket, 
and was a good steady bat ; but his forte was 
bowling; his slow breaks, pitched with judg- 
ment, required careful playing. 

Albert Linney married in 1871 Mary 
Sabina Graveley, and lived for a few years in 
the house next to the present School Sana- 
torium. On the death of John Newby the 
family moved into his house, near the Wes- 
ley an Chapel. 

Many hundreds of old scholars of the last 
quarter of a century look back upon their stay 
in the First Class as a time of mental and 
spiritual development, under the fostering 
care of their much respected and dearly-loved 
master. Many have been the tributes, since his 
death, to the influence in the formation of 
character, due to his equable, consistent, 
Christian life. One correspondent, referring 
to the sweetness and goodness of his spirit^ 



■says : " His surely was a noble and beautiful 
life, spent to help others on the higher path ; 
and the memory of such is indeed good to 
nave." a He was one who adorned his position 
at Ackworth with such quiet dignity and so 
much of the grace of sincerity. I was one of 
the many impressed by the quietness and 
strength of his Christian life." " His quiet un- 
obtrusive Christian character was a living ser- 
mon, which spoke to many of us more loudly 
than trumpet tongues. He was genuine to the 
eore, and modest as he was good." "The im- 
pression Albert Linney made upon me was that 
of a man who had gained the mastery of him- 
self, a quiet self-control. It was a splendid 
example for us all." 

These are a few sentences culled from 
letters written on receipt of the news of his 
death. In these days of self-advertisement it 
is well to note the impression produced by 
quiet dignity and strength. The same char- 
acteristics were recognised by his neighbours 
in the village, so that again and again he was 
chosen by popular vote to preside at the annual 
parish meeting, when the election of parish 
councillors took place. 

His teaching was marked by clearness and 



thoroughness ; it was thought-arousing, and 
lighted up by illustration, anecdote and playful 
irony. In the Academy for September 15th, 
an old scholar records his memories of Smith's 
English Grammar, which was used as a text- 
book in the First Class. He specially speaks of 
the delight with which the examples of syntac- 
tical rules were conned over by him, because 
they were not coined by the author of the 
text-book, but were chosen from masterpieces 
of Gibbon, Milton, Goldsmith or Scott. These 
things made the grammar hour pleasant, or at 
least fruitful, and perhaps I have done an 
injustice to its duller moments. If anyone 
could have made it interesting it was kindly, 

clever L . Alas! he does not live to share 

these memories with a wayward pupil. The 
works of the school clock that stood close to 
his desk still gleam, I doubt not, in their case. 
The lever still rises every hal£hour; the wire 
still trembles upward ; the chime is still heard 

over the stone-built village ; but L no 

longer calls the gazers to their books, or ex- 
pounds with a patience that grows under trial, 
■ The complete paradigm of the Active Voice.' " 
His Scripture lessons fostered a reverent 
and intelligent study of the Bible. Whilst al- 



ways ready to uphold the inspiration and 
authority of the Scriptures, he was equally 
ready to welcome all researches which made 
them more helpful and real, and laboured to 
prepare his boys to meet wisely the destructive 
criticisms of the Bible record, which they might 
meet with on leaving school. 

One of his old scholars writes after his 
death to his widow : " Some four years ago, 
at the Manchester Conference, your dear hus- 
band was an untold help to me. I had been 
greatly perplexed for some two or three years 
with regard to a certain phase of Christian 
truth. At one of the meals I sat next to him, 
and our conversation drifted on to this subject, 
when I told him all my difficulty. I at once 
found an appreciative listener, and then his 
warm-hearted kindly words of help brought life 
and hope back to my dying faith, and from that 
day the difficulty passed from my mind." 

Albert Linney made a practice of speaking 
quietly to the boys in his class whenever 
lie noticed cause for warning or encourage- 
ment. " The recollection of his kind, fatherly 
regard," says one of these, " and the sound 
practical advice which he gave to those under 
his charge, will remain with me through life." 



Another pupil writes : " I don't think I shall 
ever forget his encouraging addresses at the be- 
ginning of each half-year, and the familiar 
similes of the horse which attempts to pull 
its load to the top of the hill in one stride, 
and the batsman who attempts to win the 
match with one gigantic hit." 

He was always on excellent terms with his 
colleagues. His entire want of self-assertion, 
his sound judgment, his unvarying kindness, 
won their affection. How familiar to old col- 
leagues of both Wings was his figure, as he 
walked up and down the terrace, with his pleas- 
ant smile and dry mirth-provoking remark as 
he passed one and another! How many a 
younger colleague has felt indebted to him for 
kindly words of counsel and encouragement! 

Albert Linney possessed and exercised the 
gift of eldership, so that although he was re- 
corded a Minister, his Monthly Meeting thought 
well to continue his name on the list of Elders. 
For many years he filled with great acceptance 
the post of Clerk to the Monthly Meeting on 
Ministry and Oversight. The sweet influence 
of his prayeful concern for the welfare of the 
Church and the spread of the Redeemer's King- 
dom greatly helped these meetings. His ser- 



vice as a minister was greatly appreciated in 
his own Monthly Meeting. It was not frequently 
exercised beyond its limits. He had a special 
gift for addressing children; his stores of 
natural history knowledge, his extensive read- 
ing, his abundance of anecdote, were all laid 
under contribution, and served to carry home 
the lessons of practical religion which he de- 
lighted to teach. One boy who was noted dur- 
ing his school career as an athlete, writes four 
years after leaving : " I always think of him as 
he used to stand in meeting when speaking, a 
big man, with a gentle and kind voice, and a 
look in his face which seemed to say, 'I love 
you all.' " 

Perhaps his most earnest and affecting ap- 
peals were made to the boys and girls present 
at the " leaving party " towards the end of the 
half. On the last occasion of this sort that 
he attended, he quoted words which some, as 
they listened to them, applied to himself — 

Not stirring words, nor gallant deeds alone ; 

Plain patient work, inspired that length of life. 
Duty not glory ; service, not a throne, 

Inspired his effort, set for him the strife. 

We believe that one who knew him 
intimately has rightly described both his influ- 



ence and the secret source from which it 
sprang, in the words, " Jesus was his unseen 
Friend to whom he prayed, with whom he 
walked ; and the effort of his life was to do 
the will of God. His life bore unconsciously 
witness to the higher life of the soul, whilst 
making all the time the quiet everyday life so 
warm and pleasant to all around him." 

After a short but sharp attack of pneu- 
monia in the earlier hours of Whit-Monday 
morning, Albert Linney's purified spirit took 
its flight. "It is no strange land in which he 
finds himself now," writes a former colleague on 
hearing of his death ; " for how many years 
back has he been gazing on the light that 
shines there. He, so loyal to Christ and to 
all that was good and lovely, is at home in 
*The Land o J the Leal.' For him we can only 
rejoice most fully." 

Keep for us, oh, friend, where'er 
Thou art waiting, all that here 
Made thy earthly presence dear ; 

Something of thy pleasant past 
On a ground of wonder cast, 
In the stiller waters glassed. 

Keep the human heart of thee, 
Let the mortal only be 
Clothed in immortality ^ 



And when fall our feet, as fell 

Thine upon the asphodel, 

Let thy old smile greet us well ; 

Proving in a world of bliss, 
What we fondly dream in this, — 
Love is one with holiness. 

Ebenezer Ludlam, 52 1 6mo. 1900 

BlacMey, Manchester. 
William Mackenzie, 65 10 12mo. 1899 

Onclian, Isle of Man. 
Mary A. Mahoney, 69 29 8mo. 1900 

Stepney. Wife of John Mahoney. 
Jonathan H. Malone, 45 28 3mo. 1899 

Christchurch, New Zealand. 
Thomas Manning, 39 11 12mo. 1899 


Alvina E. Manning, 34 5 12mo. 1899 

Ashford. Wife of Thomas Manning. 
Alice Marsden, 81 30 lOmo. 1899 

Bentham. Widow of Richard Marsden. 
Elizabeth Marten, 80 25 llmo. 1899 

Holloway. Widow of Frederick Marten. 
Rebecca Matthews, 78 17 9mo. 1900 

Pontefract. Wife of William S. Matthews. 
Samuel F. May, 58 5 Imo. 1900 

Moseley, Birmingham. 
James McNish, 72 6 5mo. 1900 




John Messer, 66 6 7mo. 1900 

Beading. A Minister. 
Mary Ann Messer, 64 4 Imo. 1900 

Beading. An Elder. Wife of John Messer. 
A life of cheerful service, full of activity, 
full of encouragement, was that lived by John 
Messer for forty-three years in Reading. Mov- 
ing to the town when a young man of two-and- 
twenty from a country life at Maldon, in Essex, 
he brought with him not only a love for country 
pursuits but an inexhaustible activity. This 
found ample scope in the establishment of an 
extensive timber trade, in the course of which 
he developed a sound common sense and capac- 
ity for business, which a love for his Master 
and for his fellow-men made of great service 
to the town, and to the Society of Friends in 
Reading. To quote from a minute adopted by 
his Monthly Meeting shortly after his death, 
he "acceptably filled in succession every office 
amongst us, and has now been called away in 
the fulness of his powers, an experienced Chris- 
tian, a Minister and an Elder, gifted to a large 
degree with love, power, and a sound mind. 
In addition to his labours in the service of our 
Society, he placed his best powers at the dis- 
posal of this borough for twenty-five years, and 


upheld at all times the Christian ideal in his 
public life, those who were frequently opposed 
to him recognising his assiduity, his excellent 
judgment and entire disinterestedness." 

His first public office in the town was in 
the interests of education, being called upon to 
occupy the post of honorary secretary of the 
Reading School of Science and Art. After ful- 
filling the duties of this position for fourteen 
years he retired to a less arduous place on the 
committee, of which in 1899 he became chair- 
man. The School of Science and Art developed 
into the Reading Extension College, and finally 
into a position of greater independence as Read- 
ing College. In all these changes, which were 
not brought about without a good deal of 
hard work and persistent personal effort, John 
Messer took an important part. When the 
College was founded he became a member of 
its council, and was at one time its vice-presi- 
dent, besides being chairman of the finance 
committee. He was also a trustee of the 
Reading School, and a governor of the Ken- 
drick Schools, besides doing valuable work as 
chairman of the Technical Instruction Com- 
mittee of the Corporation, and of the Free 
Library and Museums Committee. He was 



elected to the Town Council in 1875, was 
chosen an alderman six years later, and held 
the office of Mayor in 1881. In 1887 his 
name was placed on the commission of the 
peace for the borough. In this varied activity 
many men would have seen their life-work, 
and have found in it a reasonable excuse for 
spending the remainder of their leisure time 
in the ease of their own firesides. 

He entered into the municipal life of Read- 
ing with the love of Christ in his heart; a 
love which enabled him to maintain the high 
standard of a Christian gentleman in the dis- 
charge of his various duties in the council 
chamber, the committee room, or the police 
court. It did not permit him to stop here, 
however. He saw around him the sin and 
the suffering of a town population, and he was 
impelled to do something to check these evils, 
to raise the weak and bring back the erring. 
He early attached himself to the work which 
went on in Church Street on the Meeting- 
house premises. He joined the workers in 
the First-day School and soon became a lead- 
ing spirit there. For twenty-five years, until 
the day of his death, he was the Superintend- 
ent of the Children's School, which met in the 




afternoon ; whilst he also had in the Adult 
School a class of working-men, who became 
intensely attached to him, some of them ac- 
knowledging that his influence had saved 
them from a dishonoured life or a drunkard's 
grave. His practical experience of men and 
things proved to him, as it has done to many, 
of inexpressible value in .such work as this. 

He was a stalwart supporter of Total Ab- 
stinence, and was a vice-president of the 
Reading Temperance Society, and chairman of 
the Help Myself Society. He was also presi- 
dent of the Church Street Band of Hope, a 
post which brought little honour, contending 
with a crowd, of noisy children from the poorer 
parts of Heading, who loved to come and hear 
him, but could, notwithstanding, be very 
trying to the patience even of one so much 
interested in them. Every Tuesday night, 
week in week out, found him there on the 
platform ; summer and winter, this was an 
engagement with which nothing was allowed 
to interfere. Even amid the multifarious 
duties of his mayoralty, the Band of Hope 
meeting was regarded as a standing prior en- 

Only a short time before his decease he 



was recorded a Minister by Reading Monthly 
Meeting. His ministry was mostly of the- 
teaching order, coming often as a reminis- 
cence of the Bible Lesson in the adjoining 
building, and displaying a wide knowledge of 
the Scriptures. Doubtless it was often called 
forth by the presence of the Leighton Park 
School, and his voice frequently came as a 
grateful relief for boys at the end of a long 
period of silence. Particularly graphic were 
his sermons on nautical subjects, for he had 
designed and built various craft, and was him- 
self an enthusiastic yachtsman. Anyone who 
has heard him describe Paul's shipwreck will 
hardly forget the new interest with which the 
scene was invested ; and the way in which a 
nautical illustration was occasionally intro- 
duced into a sermon made one feel that he 
must be in his element when on the sea. He 
felt it his duty periodically to inculcate Tem- 
perance in meetings for worship, and was not 
afraid to marshal facts and figures to prove 
the advantages of total abstinence or the curse 
of national degradation involved in the drink- 
ing customs of our people. He was very faith- 
ful in his attendance of meetings for worship. 
In. fact, as was truly said at his funeral, "the 
mark of his life was efficiency." 



Illness was a thing of which he had had 
little experience ; but he was seized in his 
•sixty-sixth year with an attack of gastric 
oatarrh. His wife, who had been an invalid, 
or at least in delicate health for years, had 
passed away a few months before; and since 
her death he had seemed to be not quite so 
robust as formerly. His illness was very short, 
and his friends seemed hardly to have realised 
that he was seriously ill before they heard that 
he was gone. 

His family of seven sons and one daughter 
were widely scattered, but he had the com- 
panionship and care in his illness of his 
daughter and one son who resided in Reading. 

" During his latter years," to quote again 
from the Monthly Meeting minute, " his 
Christian character deepened and mellowed m 
a marked degree, and we are assured that by 
his death he has but changed a life of service 
here for the higher service and the fuller light 
of God's immediate presence." 

John Middleton, 71 28 12mo. 1899 

Dillicar, Kendal. 
William Mills, 77 25 6mo. 1900 

Lower Clapton. 



Fanny Millward, 46 16 8mo. 1899 

Llandrindod Wells. Wife of Henry Mill- 

William Minchin, 95 19 12mo. 1899 

Hook Norton. An Elder. 
George Moore, 83 22 5mo. 1900 

Water ford. 

Eleanor Moses, 60 25 2mo. 1900 

Bessbrook. Widow of John Moses. 
Richard Neale, 83 3 6mo. 1900 


Annie Neild, 53 9 6mo. 1900' 

Tunbridge Wells. Wife of Frederick Neild,. 

Maria Neild, 87 11 llmo. 1899* 

Cobbity, New South Wales. Widow of John 
Cash Neild. 

Ann Nendick:, 88 5 lOmo. 1899' 

Malton. Widow of Thomas Nendick. 
John Newby, 56 24 9mo. 1900' 

Grace Newell, 63 26 9mo. 1900 

Bethnal Green. An Elder. 
Louisa Nodal, 86 2 6mo. 1900' 

Sibford Gower. Widow of. John Nodal. 
Emma W. Norris, 84 19 4mo. 189& 

Coalbrookdale. Wife of William G. Norris, 



Thomas Osborn, 48 12 5mo. 1900 


Ann Payn, 72 26 12mo. 1899 

St. Helier. 

Susan Payne, 77 6 3mo. 1899 

Northampton. Widow of Charles Payne. 

Edward Pennock, 83 23 12mo. 1900 


Jane J. Penrose, 65 21 4mo. 1900 

Monkstown. Wife ot Frederick G. Penrose. 

Henry W. Phillips, 86 3 lmo. 1898 

H. Weston Phillips, second son of John 
and Ann Phillips, of Wandsworth, arrived in 
South Australia in 1840. In 1843 he married 
Maria, eldest daughter of Joseph and Hannah 
May, of Fairfield, Mount Barker, formerly of 
Hertford, England, and passed peacefully away 
.at his home in Adelaide on the 3rd of First 
Month, 1898. 

William Pickard, 80 3 6mo. 1900 

Lancaster. An Elder. 
William H. Pickering, 56 21 llmo. 1899 


Lydia C. Pike, 79 22 3mo. 1900 

Bessboro, Co. Cork. Widow of Ebenezer 



Elizabeth S. Pillar, 47 3 Imo. 1900 

South-port. Wife of William Pillar. 
Joseph R. Pim, 68 8 Imo. 1900 

Valence, France. 

Joseph Robinson Pim, generally known as 
Captain Pim, son of the late Joseph Robinson 
Pim, of Dublin, was born on Second Month, 
28th, 1832. Part of his earlier life was spent 
at Vevey, Switzerland, where he acquired con- 
siderable knowledge of the French language, 
which subsequently proved of great service. 
For many years his occupation as a mariner led 
to his visiting various places abroad, and he 
eventually became captain of a sailing ship. 
During that time he had opportunities of ob- 
serving the difficulties and dangers of seafaring 
life in times of peril or shipwreck, and being of 
a thoughtful disposition, he directed his atten- 
tion to the improvement of methods of lowering 
boats or rafts from a iship in distress. He tried 
many experiments with this purpose, and made 
not only models, but full-sized rafts of a pecu- 
liar construction, which would be readily avail- 
able in case of need. Some of these were tried 
in the presence of experienced personages of 
high rank, and his efforts were commended as 
being likely to assist in saving life. 



He had recently been making preparations 
for exhibiting some of his apparatus at the 
international exhibition in Paris. He had no 
wish to make any pecuniary profit from his 
invention, but was actuated solely by the de- 
sire of benefiting his fellow-men. 

In 1869 he went as companion with Eli 
and Sybil Jones to Syria, where he met Mari- 
anna Lion Cachet, of Amsterdam, whom he 
afterwards married. In 1894 they celebrated 
their silver wedding at Valence, when, amongst 
other guests, Isaac Sharp was present. 

Having become possessed of a small com- 
petency, Joseph R. Pirn desired to give his 
services to the promotion of the Lord's work 
in the earth, and in this he was for many years 
engaged, with the earnest and active co-opera- 
tion of his wife. At their village home in 
France they established a First-day School, 
whence four of the pupils became pastors. 

For several summers they were occupied, 
in connection with the McAll Mission, on one 
or more of the rivers in the north of France. 
The boat used in this service was built at Cap- 
tain Pirn's (suggestion, and partly from his 
designs, with a large saloon in which gospel 
meetings could be held ; and this was often 
crowded night after night. 



J. R. Pim and his wife, occasionally helped 
by a young relative, undertook all the manage- 
ment, the necessary cleaning, and the prepara- 
tion of meals for the party on boards as well 
as helping the pastors or friends who came to 
give addresses in conducting the services. 
They proceeded from village to village along 
the rivers, staying at each place until the time 
{seemed to have come for moving to another. 
In this way they were brought into contact 
with many of the peasantry and persons who 
could not well have been reached by other 
means. Tracts and other literature were also 

After their connection with the McAll 
Mission Committee was at an end, they en- 
deavoured, with some little assistance from 
English Friends, to carry on their evangelistic 
work in the districts they had visited, and were 
very desirous that the Society of Friends should 
continue this kind of labour, so well calculated 
to reach the people. J. It. Pirn's failing health 
did not, however, permit of the accomplishment 
of his wish to take charge of a new boat, which 
he at one time hoped to induce Friends to pro- 
vide for the purpose. 

Joseph It. and Marianna Pim lived for 



many years at Valence, where their home was 
a house of call for French pastors, and was a 
centre for mothers' meetings, children's classes, 
and other Christian work. 

There was a straightforward honesty of 
purpose in the character of ^ Captain Pirn, 
which won its way with all who came in con- 
tact with him ; and he had so thoroughly given 
his heart to the Lord, that he was enabled in 
simple trust to engage in whatever service he 
was called to, his one desire being to lead 
others to the Saviour. His childlike earnest 
prayers were heartfelt, and were instructive to 
those who heard them, and gave evidence that 
he had " been with Jesus." 

When our aged friend Isaac Sharp was 
laid aside with severe illness in France, Captain 
Pirn and his wife nursed him for many weeks 
in Paris, and in due time brought him over to 
England, where they still continued this service 
of love, which was greatly appreciated by that 
dear servant of the Lord, who would at times 
gratefully refer to it, and to the occasions of 
sweet spiritual communion which the three 
often had together. 

For several years Captain Pirn had been 
failing in health, his heart being affected. 



Though the means used for his recovery had 
been blessed, and there seemed to be further 
service before him, on the 8th of First Month, 
1900, the call to " come up higher " was sud- 
denly heard, and his redeemed spirit left its 
tenement of clay ; and we may reverently feel 
assured that he is now amongst the blessed com- 
pany whose service is in the immediate pre- 
sence of their God and Saviour. 

He had, as usual, gone downstairs to un- 
fasten the hall door, and after returning to his 
room had engaged in prayer, when he sud- 
denly fell to the fioor. Medical aid was 
promptly sought, but all of earth was over, 
and the life that knows no ending had begun. 

A French paper, published at Valence, re- 
marks : " It may be said he died praying, for 
after being engaged at the bedside, he rose only 
to fall into the arms of his God. We shall long 
remember him as a blessing to our locality." 

The interment took place at Les Fenauds, 
near Valence, where his little son had been laid 
to rest some years previously. 

" Therefore be ye also ready , for in such 
an hour as ye think not the Son of Man 



Thomas Pim, 68 17 Imo. 1900 


Elizabeth C. Pollard, 34 6 5mo. 1900 
Walthamstow. Wife of Ernest A. Pollard. 

Maria L. Price, 62 17 2mo. 1900 

Bournemouth. Wife of George Price. 

Lucy A. Priestman, 70 6 7mo. 1900 
Shotley Bridge. Widow of Jonathan Priest- 

Arthur Pumphrey, 37 19 12mo. 1899 

Adolph C. Quertier, 13 27 llmo. 1899 

Fordingbridge. Son of the late Adolphus 


Thomas Quertier, 69 28 12mo. 1899 

Christina Kansome, 75 7 llmo. 1899 

Willesden. Widow of Henry Kansome. 
William Kayner, 55 19 lOmo. 1899 


George Reckttt, 74 12 4mo. 1900 

Upper Norwood. 
Mary G. Peckitt, 38 21 9mo. 1899 

Notting Hill. 
James Kenison, 70 29 8mo. 1900 


Edwin D. Reynolds, 66 19 2mo. 1900 




Frederick Reynolds, 66 12 2mo. 1900 


Richard Reynolds, 70 5 4mo. 1900 


Frances Reynolds, 70 21 4mo. 1900 
Leeds. Widow of Richard Reynolds. 

William M. Reynolds, 35 7 lOmo. 1899 

George Ringer, 86 23 7mo. 1900 


Mary J. Robertson, 2 12 5mo. 1900 
Finsbury. Daughter of James and Louisa 

Elizabeth Robinson, 74 18 lOmo. 1897 

Darlington. Widow of Robert Robinson. 
Henry Robinson, 79 25 2mo. 1900 

Lewisham. An Elder. 
Wilson Robinson, 89 29 12mo. 1899 

Whin fell Hall, Pardshaw. An Elder. 
Edward Robson, 68 6 3mo. 1900 

Coatham. A Minister. 
James G. Rowan, 77 13 8mo. 1900 


Helen Rowntree, 61 4 5mo. 1900 

Malton. An Elder. 

Helen Rowntree was born at Settrington, 
near Malton, in 1838, and was the younger of 



two sisters. Her father, Richardson Rown- 
tree, had relinquished the trade of brewing 
from conscientious motives, and was then a 
farmer. Her mother (nee Rachel Priestman) 
was of a sweet, humble disposition, largely 
duplicated in the subject of this memoir. 

The greater part of H. Rowntree's educa- 
tion was obtained at Ackworth School. After 
this she was rarely absent from her home, and 
there was little of an eventful nature in her 
life. But since sorrow came her way, since 
the path of duty was not always the path of 
pleasure, since the hopes she had formed for 
some dearly loved lives, had to be wholly and 
suddenly surrendered, she again and again was 
brought face to face with those life elements 
which, if met rightly, discipline character, 
strengthening the strength of the soul, and 
weakening its weaknesses. 

To her nephews and nieces Helen Rown- 
tree was an ever welcome companion ; she made 
their interests hers, and always was their special 
friend. But the attraction of the young life 
of her sister's family did not prevent a loving 
fulfilment of her duty as daughter, her parents' 
later years being cheered by her gentle care 
and inspiring presence. What of her own hopes 



she gave up at this time, that she might the 
more perfectly complete her service, is only 
known to one or two. 

The years passed on. Her brother-in-law, 
Henry Taylor, died in 1888, and eight weeks 
later the young wife of her nephew, Frederic 
Taylor, who left behind her a daughter, Elsie. 
Helen Rowntree went to the desolate home, 
giving up her own, and for years she was a 
mother to the little motherless girl, and filled, 
as well as it could be filled, the blank left in 
her nephew's life. When, in 1896, her great- 
niece died, the blow was a heavy one to her, 
but it was borne with Christian cheerfulness. 

In 1898 her nephew married again, and it 
was her hands, aided by those of her faithful 
maid, which prepared the new home. 

Helen Rowntree was greatly valued in her 
Monthly Meeting. Her voice was rarely heard 
in meetings for worship, but Friends always 
felt that whatever the channel of her service, 
she was endeavouring to give of her best. As 
an elder she was remarkable for her humility, 
and for a tact permeated by sympathetic love. 
Loving was indeed the business of her life, 
carried on in its various manifestations, in sick- 
ness as in health, in sorrow as in joy. Those 



permitted to enjoy the sight and the sense of 
that love realised its perfect nature, the more 
so in that it never failed to draw towards its 
great Inspirer. It was through her faithful use 
of this golden key of love (how quickly heart 
doors, shut to other and more prominent gifts, 
open to this one!) that Helen Rowntree found 
so wide a service, her ministry being to many 
minds and many classes, although she was not 
highly gifted intellectually and her life had run 
only in narrow grooves. 

The weekly Bible Class in the Meeting- 
house, the Adult School, a large Mothers' Meet- 
ing at Norton (held for many years), the Wo- 
men's Tent Mission, Home and Foreign Mis- 
sions, the Missionary Helpers' Union, the local 
branch of the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, in addition to her own meetings for 
worship, were perhaps her chief interests ; but 
a large portion of her work was done in hidden 
corners of the town, among those whom no 
organisation could reach. 

The end of her earthly race came suddenly. 
Severe illnesses had left her weak, and partly 
with the hope of recruiting her strength, she 
and her maid went to Kendal in Fourth Month, 
to visit a nephew and niece. Shortly afterwards 



she was taken ill with angina pectoris. No im- 
mediate development was anticipated, but a 
long and painful night attack of the disease 
was followed by complications which left no 
room for hope. The sufferer was fully conscious 
during the first part of her illness, and was 
aware of her position. She said little, but that 
little was eloquent of childlike trust in her 
Saviour. So far as could be told there was 
no suffering, scarcely weariness even. Through 
the last few days, although ceasing to take 
food and very weak, she seemed to know what 
her nurses wished her to do and to second 
their efforts; to feel the love about her and 
to reciprocate it ; to see visions of the High 
and Holy One, and about His throne many 
.loved ones, from the aged mother to the youth- 
ful niece. On the 4th of Fifth Month, peace- 
fully without a word, as if asleep, she passed 

John F. Rutter, 76 27 12mo. 1899 

. Mere. An Elder. 

John Farley Rutter, the fourth child of 
John and Anne Burchett Hutter, was born 
on the 1st of First Month, 1824, in the ancient 
town of Shaftesbury. Here a happy childhood 
was spent. At four years of age he was sent 



to a day school at Shaftesbury ; two years 
later he went to the school kept by Mary Anne 
Moore at Alveston, near Bristol, and after- 
wards, when nine years old, to Croydon. He 
never forgot his first journey thither on the 
outside of a coach in bitterly cold weather, 
nor the thoughtful act of a kind ostler, who, 
taking pity on the shivering lonely little boy, 
tucked a pile or straw round his feet to keep 
them warm. His health being delicate he 
finished his education at Bath, where he passed 
one or two winters in the family of a tutor. 

It was during one of these periods that 
his interest in the cause of Temperance, on 
behalf of which he laboured all his life, was 
first awakened. The following passage occurs 
in his journal: "May 7th, 1840. In the even- . 
ing at supper time we had a rather long dis- 
cussion on the merits and demerits of the 
Teetotal Society. I was neutral, except that 
I stated my objections to one or two things 
in which I thought the Society was at fault ; 
and by what I said one of the parsons thought 
that I was a decided enemy to the Society, 
and offered to take the pledge when I would. 
I then called upon all present to be witnesses 
to what he said, and told him that I would 



on the morrow tell him when I would join. 
I told him that I was not joking, but in 
earnest ; but he did not seem to think I was in 
earnest; however, to-morrow he shall see. 
8th, Friday. This morning at breakfast I 
told Mr. Pearce that I had made up my 
mind to join the Teetotal Society before 
I went to bed. ... In the evening 
I went to the Total Abstinence Society's 
committee-room, and there signed the pledge. 
, . . Mr. Clark has also promised to 
join the Society when I did, and I be- 
lieve on Monday both of them are going to 
sign. By my joining two persons have been 
induced to join, and I hope we shall have 
reason to be thankful for so doing. " 

He returned home shortly afterwards, and 
the same autumn found himself in the midst 
of a Temperance campaign in Shaftesbury, 
when John Cassel, the agent of the " British 
and Foreign Temperance Society," held several 
meetings. His father, John Hutter : who was 
an ardent philanthropist, at once threw him- 
self heartily into the work, and became the 
iirst President of the Temperance Society then 
started in Shaftesbury. His sons followed his 
example, and John Farley Rutter, as he ad- 



vanced in life, felt more and more the extreme 
importance of the movement, and often ex- 
pressed his thankfulness at having been led 
to sign the pledge when he did. 

It was just about this time, too, that his 
great interest in the cause of education was 
aroused, an interest which was maintained to 
the end of his life. His father, who had felt 
strongly the urgent need of a Christian but 
undenominational education for the children of 
our country, built, with a little help by sub- 
scriptions, an infant school in connection with 
the British and Foreign School Association. 
This was the parent of thirteen other schools 
in the neighbourhood, and carried on a good 
work for many years. A Sunday School was 
also held in it, the teachers in which be- 
longed to six different denominations ; and 
John F. Rutter, when at home, took his share 
in the work. The home at Layton, to which the 
family removed in 1833, was a centre of use- 
fulness, and the young people growing up 
could not but catch some of the spirit of 
earnest, self-sacrificing love which animated 
the lives of their parents. John Rutter had 
great sympathy with any who were in any way 
downtrodden, and keenly felt the injustice and 



tyranny exercised in those days by many landed 
proprietors. He lived for truth and justice, 
and strenuously opposed the bribery, corrup- 
tion, and underhand dealing practised in the 
Parliamentary elections at Shaftesbury in 1826 
and 1830. It was natural that a man who held 
views so far in advance of the times should be 
bitterly opposed ; and his fearless loyalty to 
that which he conceived to be the truth made 
him the object of relentless persecution, and 
led to various attempts to ruin him. Twice he 
was shot at. 

In 1850 John Farley Putter married 
Hannah Player Tanner, the only daughter of 
John Tanner of Bristol. The following year 
his father died, and a year or two later a 
return of his own previous delicacy led to his 
removal to Mere, seven miles distant. Here, 
carrying out the principles which lie had em- 
braced, he endeavoured to infuse fresh life 
into the town of his adoption. 

He was warmly attached to the Society of 
Friends, and started a meeting in his own 
house with the two or three Friends already 
residing at Mere, and was the principal mover 
in building a Meeting-house. For many years 
he was the Clerk of the Monthly Meeting; 



but whether in office or not, he always made 
a special effort to attend the various meetings 
of the Society, even when this involved the 
giving up of considerable time. He looked 
upon his attendance as a duty he owed to his 
God, as well as a pleasure. Everything was 
done in the home life to make religion a happy 
thing. It was made a privilege to attend 
Monthly and Quarterly Meetings. 

He threw himself into all the pursuits and 
pleasures of his children, and many were the 
games and romps he had with them in the 
nursery and garden, one part of which was 
specially laid out for them. As each New Year 
dawned they were gathered together in the 
early morning for a solemn little meeting in 
their parents' bedroom, when the previous year 
was carefully reviewed, praise or blame ex- 
tended to each one, as seemed desirable, en- 
couragement offered for the New Year, and 
prayer had with and for them. 

Children were always happy with him, and 
he was a favourite, whether it were in his own 
family, in Band of Hope gatherings, or in the 
British School, where his presence was eagerly 
welcomed. Even when age was creeping upon 
him, his love of children and adaptability to 



them was still marked, and his older grand- 
children will long remember the gatherings 
held at his house for a week or ten days in 
the summer, to which all of them who were 
over six years of age were invited. 

Whilst " diligent in business JJ he made 
time to enter fully into the varied needs of 
his neighbours, and continued at Mere the 
interest he had previously taken in similar 
efforts at Shaftesbury. As in other small places, 
difficulty was experienced in finding a room 
for holding meetings, and to supply this need, 
when the Meeting-house was built, he erected 
a Lecture Hall adjoining it. Anyone was al- 
lowed the free use of it, only one stipulation 
being made, that some verses from the Bible 
must be read at the commencement of every 
meeting held there. This rule was strictly ad- 
hered to, and he considered it a great assist- 
ance in confining the use of the Hall to those 
purposes for which he had erected it. The 
Temperance Society ; the Band of Hope, the 
British School, the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, the Liberal cause, and other useful 
agencies were earnestly upheld and laboured 
for. He spared no efforts to promote the 
success of those interests which he had so much 



at heart. At various times he gave lectures 
on different subjects to his fellow-townsmen ; 
and he held himself in readiness to go to the 
towns and villages near, to assist them in their 
meetings. He was a bright and efficient chair- 
man. Whatever he took in hand he did with 
his might. 

In 1876, after a tedious illness of nearly 
seven years' duration, his wife died, and he 
was left with a family of eight children just 
growing up into man and womanhood. His 
prayer of submission and cry for help uttered 
by her deathbed, seemed the keynote of his 
after life ; and, not giving way to selfish grief > 
he roused himself and endeavoured, as far as 
was possible, tp take the place of both father 
and mother to his motherless children. His 
loving counsel and wise restraint, whilst allow- 
ing much liberty, were very helpful in the 
formation of their characters^ and he encour- 
aged them all to be workers in the Lord's 

In the summer of 1880 he took a trip to 
America with his sister. His active mind was 
continually at work, noting all he saw, and 
finding out all he could about everything of 
interest; and when he returned he prepared 



two lectures respecting his holiday, which he 
delivered at various places. Some years later 
he went to New Zealand and Australia 
with his two- unmarried daughters, being 
away from home about eighteen months ; and 
here again his activity was very great. He 
made it a point wherever possible, to find out 
the Friends living in out-of-the-way places, 
and give them a word of cheer ; and he much 
enjoyed in Melbourne, meeting with an old 
schoolfellow whom he had not seen since the 
Croydon days. 

His declining years were spent quietly in 
his home at Mere ; but he was ever on the 
watch for opportunities of usefulness. He was 
not given to speaking much of spiritual things, 
but his religion showed itself in his daily life. 
His home was ever open for extending hospi- 
tality, and his endeavour was that all who 
shared in it should feel that Christ ruled there. 
On several occasions he had parties of young 
friends for ten days or a fortnight, arranged 
for by two of his sons, who were medical stu- 
dents. Of these gatherings he was the life 
and soul, attracting the young folks to the 
Saviour whom he loved, by his consistent life, 
geniality and perennial cheerfulness. 




He much enjoyed going little driving tours 
with his daughter, always keeping some special 
interest in view, such as visiting the day schools 
on the route, or Friends' old burial grounds. 
One of these tours was through South Dorset 
and part of Somerset, in the summer of 1899, 
when he himself drove the whole distance, and 
entered into everything with his usual vivacity. 

The formation of the National Free Church 
Council was a great joy to him, and he threw 
himself with the enthusiasm of youth and the 
matured wisdom of age into its work and aims. 
It had been his life-long desire that the differ- 
ent denominations should, as a united brother- 
hood, form a bulwark against the insidious 
teachings of the Ritualists. He was made the 
first president of the local branch, and held that 
post till his death. For the last six years he 
edited a local Free Church magazine, taking 
great pains and spending much time in prepar- 
ing interesting and instructive articles to go 
on the cover of the inset. During the summer 
of 1899, when rumours of war were abroad, 
and later when it was actually declared, he fear- 
lessly set forth in this publication his views of 
the sinfulness of all war, and his belief in the 
injustice of the present one. The article for 



the issue of the following month was found on 
his desk nearly completed, when the ready 
pen had been laid aside, and the tired worker 
had gone home. 

He became much interested in the Adult 
School which was started in Mere in 1890, and 
when well enough regularly attended the class 
held on First-day morning. As life's evening 
drew on his lips became more unsealed, and he 
frequently took part very acceptably in the 
morning meeting for worship , whilst he took 
an active share in the mission meeting held in 
the evening. Only a few days before his death, 
though very poorly, he spoke for half-an-hour in 
the evening meeting. 

During the summer and early autumn he 
had been feeling unusually well, but he caught 
cold whilst looking out for the expected shower 
of November meteors, and never quite re- 
covered. Still he kept about, and himself 
distributed to the old people his usual Christ- 
mas gift of tea and sugar. On Christ- 
mas day, though far from well, he maintained 
his usual cheerfulness, and joined in some 
games in the evening with his accustomed 
brightness. Next morning violent pain came 
on — gout, from which he had long at intervals 



been a sufferer, having attacked the vital 
parts. The pain was too intense for any con- 
versation, but he bore it with the fortitude 
which had always characterised him. In the 
-evening life was fast ebbing, and, except that 
lie sent one or two messages, he did not ex- 
press anything. This was not needed ; his 
life, and example, and words previously spoken, 
had told where his hope was resting ; and in 
that quiet calm he passed away into the fuller 
life. " For so He giveth His beloved sleep." 

Mary Rutter, 71 26 lmo. 1900 

Sneyd Park, Bristol. Widow of Samuel 

Lucy S. Salter, 40 12 5mo. 1900 

Saffron Walden. 
Ann Shannon, 57 23 2mo. 1900 

Water ford. 

Thomas Simpson, 79 19 8mo. 1900 


Elizabeth Sinton, 65 31 lmo. 1900 

Moyallon. Widow of Thomas Sinton. 

Christopher Slee, 83 3 lOmo. 1899 


Charles Smith, 66 14 12mo. 1899 

Llandrindod Wells. An Elder. 
Frederick Smith, 54 21 3mo. 1900 

Bow Road, London. 



Florence M. Squire, 20 10 2mo. 1900 
Belfast. Daughter of Edwin and Marian 

Mary Standing, 57 28 llmo. 1899 

Charlwood. Widow of Joseph Standing. 

Sarah E. Standing, 15 16 12mo. 1899 
Bathgar, Dublin. Daughter of William 

Robert Stephens, 79 30 9mo. 1899 


Wilson Sturge, 65 4 lOmo. 1899 


As Wilson Sturge will hereafter be best 
known in the history of the Society of Friends 
in connection with his services among the 
Dukhobors in the Island of Cyprus — the closing 
work of his life — it will be fitting to give the 
readers of the " Annual Monitor " an out- 
line of the circumstances that led to his going 
there, and without some knowledge of which 
it would be impossible for them to realise the 
value of the help he rendered to the Society. 

When Friends began to assist these poor 
Russians in finding and* settling in a new 
home, they were under the disadvantage of 
not being able to hold any communication with 
them, except indirectly and at uncertain inter- 



vals, and thus they were unable to come to 
an understanding upon some well-considered 
plan of emigration. The funds raised by the 
Society, although substantial, were insufficient 
to transport the large number of persons re- 
quired, beyond the nearest available point; 
and inquiries set on foot within such range 
of Batoum were practically restricted to the 
three countries of Syria, Egypt and Cyprus. 
Of these, the last-named was the only one 
found feasible ; and with all the effort that 
could be made it was not possible to arrange 
for a large area of land in an island 2,000 miles 
away, without a considerable lapse of time. 
Meanwhile other sympathisers with the Duk- 
.hobors, who realised the severity of their suf- 
ferings, and the urgent need of their removal, 
while they did not grasp the importance of 
first having shelter ready to receive them, 
labouring, as many of them were under serious 
illness, advised them at once to obtain their 
passports and prepare for the voyage to Cyprus. 
The result was disastrous to the people it 
was intended to serve, as a large number broke 
up their homes and crowded into Batoum, 
where there was no proper accommodation for 
liousing them. Previous to the bursting of 



the storm of persecution which had left them 
in so stripped a condition, they had set aside 
a little fund towards a hoped-for emigration ; 
and finding themselves threatened on the one 
hand by fever, and on the other by starvation 
from the exhaustion of their means while wait- 
ing, they fell back on this fund to engage a 
steamer which should convey them at once to 
Cyprus, where they heard the English Friends 
were getting them an asylum. Their doing 
this obliged Friends suddenly to raise a large 
guarantee to the British Government, without 
which the landing could not be permitted; 
and, what was worse, on the arrival of the 
vessel at Larnaca with over eleven hundred 
souls on board, there was no provision for 
housing them; some tents sent by the London 
Committee being still on the water en route 
for the island. The authorities there, however, 
telegraphed to the Colonial Office, asking if 
they should act on behalf of the Committee; 
an offer which it is needless to say was thank- 
fully accepted. New tents were purchased 
on the spot, and these were pitched in the 
public gardens at Larnaca, as the only area 
instantly available. The gardens were, how- 
ever, in a low and marshy situation, and the 



poor Dukhobors, numbers of whom had al- 
ready been suffering from marsh fever in the 
Caucasus, and who were worn down from want 
of proper food and shelter before their emi- 
gration, began to sicken and die. 

To those who were in touch with the posi- 
tion, and on whom the responsibility weighed 
of getting it set right, the prospect was little 
short of appalling. 

It was at this juncture that Wilson Sturge 
offered his services to the Committee to go out 
to Cyprus and organise the settlement of the 
immigrants ; this having been suggested to 
him by one of his friends as a duty that no 
one else could so well undertake. 

Few things are more remarkable in the 
Divine government of the world than the in- 
finite variety of instruments that are fitted for 
the infinitely varied services that have to be 
performed in it, and the way in which our 
several individualities are made to subserve the 
special kinds of work allotted to us. "In a 
great house there are many vessels." No one 
conversant with the Society of Friends can 
fail to have observed how greatly its training 
tends to develop individuality and the power 
of initiative in its members. Of this Wilson 



Sturge was a good example ; and it is not too 
much to say that he was so remarkably fitted 
for the particular work he did in Cyprus, that 
no other person in the Society could have done it 
nearly so well. He was a good "all-round" man, 
somewhat reserved in speaking of matters that 
many treat too glibly, well read, an enthusiastic 
naturalist, and possessed of a dry humour that 
made his letters delightful reading. Not only 
had he the requisite business training in the 
firm of which he was so long a member, (Joseph 
& Charles Sturge), and the agricultural know- 
ledge needed for the management of the farms 
the Committee had to provide for the Dukho- 
bors in Cyprus, but he added to these a large 
experience gained in travel, and during his 
distribution of relief among the Finns after the 
Crimean War, and among the French peasantry 
who suffered from the war of 1870-1 ; as well as 
such a knowledge of the Russian peasantry of 
the Caucasus and of the Russian language, as 
he had acquired during a six years' residence 
at Poti, where he had acted as an exporter of 
hardwoods and minerals, besides holding the 
post of British Vice-Consul. Poti lies on low 
and marshy ground at the mouth of the river 
Rion, on the Black Sea, is very unhealthy, 

lew residents, 11 any, escaping aixaciis 01 iever. 
In his lonely residence in this spot* Wilson 
Sturge had not escaped this malady, which had 
somewhat shaken his health ; though at the time 
he offered to go out to Cyprus it was such as 
to justify the Committee in their 'acceptance 
of his valued help. 

A farm had been secured for the Dukho- 
bors at Athalassa, some three miles from Ni- 
cosia, the capital of the Island, where a number 
of huts had been built as quickly as the cir- 
cumstances had permitted. The housing was 
still miserably insufficient, and illness was rife 
among the newcomers on all hands ; so that 
when Wilson Sturge landed the tasks before 
him were multifarious and difficult. Food, 
firing, clothing, building materials, seeds and 
trees for planting, agricultural implements, 
pumps and appliances for irrigation, and medi- 
cines and comforts for the sick, all had to be 
estimated for and provided, and doctors and 

* An official at that time in the Caucasus spoke very feel- 
ingly of the remarkable influence Wilson Sturge exercised in 
this isolated position on those with whom he was brought into 
business relations, by his strict integrity aud the way in which 
he kept his word under all circumstances, amid surroundings 
where custom made this example conspicuous by its contrast : 
a light shining amid great darkness. 



nurses arranged for ; while land had to 
be set out for cultivation, and further areas 
of it procured, and cattle purchased, in another 
part of the island, necessitating journeys and 
interviews with officials, the drawing up of 
agreements, and much correspondence with 
the Committee in England. 

When to all this is added the control of 
over a thousand persons placed suddenly in a 
new environment, unaccustomed to western 
ideas and modes of living and of work, and 
gifted with the unfailing equipment of original 
and thoughtful people — a not inconsiderable 
will of their own — it will be realised that Wilson 
Sturge's work was no sinecure. He faced it 
with unfailing sympathy, backed by a firm 
will ; for he had the natural power of com- 
mand without which there can be no effective 

From the outset the authorities of Cyprus 
had done everything in their power to make 
the Dukhobor . settlement a success, and Wilson 
Sturge fought against the difficulties that sur- 
rounded it, in the steady belief that they would 
be overcome. The initial mistakes which have 
been glanced at, and for which he was in no 
way responsible, made this, however, impos- 

the " Cyprus" Dukhobors to the colder climate 
of north-west Canada. To detail the history of 
this further migration would here be out of 
place. Wilson Sturge threw himself into the 
share of it that fell to his lot with the same 
energy that he had shown throughout the so- 
journ of the Dukhobors in the Island, arrang- 
ing for the transport of the women and child- 
ren and such material as it was desirable for 
them to take with them, to the sea-side and 
then on board the vessel that Was to carry 
them across the Atlantic ; and for the purchase 
of the fruit and vegetables, as well as seeing 
to the water-supply, for their five thousand 
mile voyage. 

As his boat pulled away from the Lake 
Superior, and the great ship steamed out into 
the blue Mediterranean, the last farewell of her 
thousand passengers to the man who had given 
them such untiring help was a touching scene. 
Men, women, and children crowded to the bul- 
warks to wave their hands to " the little grand- 
father," as they affectionately termed him — the 
children especially loved him — and tears and 
low sobs, amid the chant of the hymn they 
raised, testified to the depth of the feeling with 



which they parted from Cyprus, with its hun- 
dred and ten graves of their people, and to 
their sense of the sympathy there shown them. 
That the name of Wilson Sturge will never be 
forgotten by them, is evidenced by the follow- 
ing extract from a letter sent by them from 
Canada when they heard of his death : — 

"We want to express our feelings, that 
you should know how we sorrow for your 
husband and our dear grandfather, who has 
gone from us into eternity. May the Lord 
raise him up and take him into His heavenly 
kingdom. He has died in the flesh, but 
his memory will never die in us and in 
our children. He has engraven a deep 
impression on our hearts. In Cyprus he 
cherished us as a hen cherishes her chickens 
on the nest : he cared for us as a father cares 
for his children. We were sick and he bound 
our wounds ; we were an hungered and he 
gave us to eat ; we were naked and he clothed 

After so long a separation from his home, 
Wilson 8turge might reasonably have been 
spared the further wearisome work of closing 
up the connection of the Dukhobor Committee 
with the island, involving as it did the reap- 


the surrender of leases, the disposal of land and 
farm stock, and many other details. But he was 
too self-denying a man to shirk any duty that 
stood in his path, whether great or small, and 
not until the whole was done, and everything, 
as he wrote to the Committee, was " finished 
up in a workmanlike manner," did he leave 
Cyprus. He paid a farewell visit to the High 
Commissioner and Lady Haynes Smith, at Gov- 
ernment Cottage, where he was always a wel- 
come guest in the intervals of his busy work j 
and on the 29th of Tenth Month, took a passage 
for home on board the Benmore. As the vessel 
did not sail immediately, he took a long walk 
next day (Seventh-day), getting back just in 
time for her starting at 3 o 3 clock in the after- 
noon. This walk, he afterwards complained, 
had been too much for him. On Second-day 
he became drowsy ; and intervals of un- 
consciousness followed, though he spoke 
cheerfully once or twice between them. 
Two days after he passed away ; and 
.as the vessel was nearing Malta, his re- 
mains were taken ashore at that island, and 
buried in the Protestant Cemetery, which over- 
looks what is known as the " Bay of St. Paul," 



a spot he had visited thirty-four years previ- 
ously, and to which he referred in 1886 in 
Birmingham Meeting when speaking from the 
words, " There stood by me this night the Angel 
of God, whose I am, and whom I serve." 

And we cannot more fitly end this brief 
mention of our beloved friend than in the closing 
words of this sermon, in which he alluded to 
the spot that was thereafter to become his own 
burial place : — 

"And as we, too, sail the troubled sea of 
life, may we find in our extremity that on our 
right hand also stands the Angel of God, and 
that underneath us are the everlasting 

Annie Swain, 30 14 4mo. 1900 

Moira. Wife of George Swain. 
Alice Symonds, 91 11 5mo. 1899 

Kings Lynn. Widow of William Symonds. 
Alfred Tangye, 29 12 2mo. 1900 


Frederic Taylor, 71 10 8mo. 1900 

Sunderland. A Minister. 
Frederic Taylor was the youngest son of 
William and Elizabeth Taylor, of Stratford, 
in Essex, at which place he was born in 1828. 
When eleven years of age he was sent to the 

a ,x ■lchu.o. louuLuui itt v^ruyuoii, wnere ne was 
noticeable for his abilities, which were above 
the average. He soon became top boy of the 
school, and remained for several years as a 
teacher. He was much beloved, and in after 
years it was a great pleasure to him from 
time to time to meet his former scholars, and 
to see and feel the affection they retained 
for him. As one of these said, not long ago, 
" We all loved Frederic Taylor." 

In 1852 he removed to Ireland, having 
had the advantage of some training and study 
under Isaac Brown, at the Flounders Insti- 
tute. After about five years' stay at New- 
town School, he returned to England and 
lived at Brighton till 1863^ when he went to 
Sunderland as helper and private secretary 
to the late Edward Backhouse. For some 
years he worked in the Friends 5 mission there, 
and identified himself with many of the re- 
ligious efforts in the town. The first meeting 
of the Sunderland Y.M.C.A. was held at his 

He was acknowledged a Minister by his 
Monthly Meeting at Brighton in 1865, and 
always retained a great affection for his friends 
there. He was of a deeply affectionate nature, 


and was more dependent than many on the 
love of those around him; but in the school 
of sorrow and affliction he learned to lean 
hard on his Lord and Master, whom he ever 
strove to follow faithfully. 

Frederic Taylor's intellectual powers were 
far above the average. He was both artist and 
poet, and at times was a contributor of 
valuable papers to the "Quarterly Examiner." 
He was a reader of the works of the best 
classical authors, and was well informed on 
most subjects, taking an interest up to the- 
last in politics, and in all topics of the day. 
Yet he was no pedant, and his humility,, 
courtesy and forbearance were shown to all 
with whom he came in contact. 

He loved the Society of Friends, and took 
a keen interest in its religious and business 
meetings ; while the kindliness he showed to 
the younger members of his meeting endeared, 
him to many. Among the poor he made many 
friends, and was always ready to respond to 
any call made by them on his time or strength. 

He was most careful to avoid criticism or 
unkind speech about others, and was ever 
ready to make allowance for those who were 
in fault. 



Although he loved to have his family round 
him, he cheerfully gave up two sons to the 
mission work in India, while he keenly felt 
parting with a third to go to New Zealand. 

His health began to fail in the autumn 
of 1898, and he was thought at one time to be 
sinking; but he revived in the early summer, 
and was able to enjoy being with his family 
and going out of doors, again "to taste the 
common sun, the air, the skies," as he himself 
said. But in the spring of 1900 it was evi- 
dent to those around him that he was not 
gaining ground. He was very calm, and most 
patient under all his weariness and weakness. 

His mind was stored with passages of 
Scripture, and he often said how thankful he 
was for this, and what a comfort the precious 
Bible promises were to him. He loved to 
repeat them to those around him, as also the 
poetry and hymns he had committed to 

He was cast down at times by his ex- 
treme weakness and the feeling that his 
strength was slipping from him, but one of 
the last entries written in his diary shortly be- 
fore his death was, " Lord, my hope is in 
Thee." He said one day, " If it is the Lord's 



will to raise me up again for a time, I trust 
I may be able to work for Him faithfully. 

In one of the last letters he was able to 
write he quotes the words : " I trusted in 
Thee, Lord. I said, Thou art my God. 
My times are in Thy hand." And he added, 
" These words have been with me a prominent 
and staying thought to-day." We believe that 
the words are applicable to him, " Blessed are 
the pure in heart, for they shall see God." 

The great change came at last peacefully 
and quietly, and he passed away almost in 

Mary J. Tennant, 79 19 5mo. 1900 

York. Wife of Henry Tennant. 
Samuel Thomas, 69 20 lmo, 1900 


John G. Thompson, 64 21 6mo. 1900 

Urmston, Liverpool. 
Margaret Thompson, 81 24 6mo. 1900 

Southport. Widow of Josiah Thompson. 
Mary Thompson, 77 3 lmo. 1900 

Carperby. An Elder. Wife of William 


James Thomson, 54 2 4mo. 1900 




William Tho unburn, 72 11 4mo. 1900 


Phcebe Thorne, 101 10 8mo. 1900 

Leeds. Widow of Samuel Thorne, of Chelms- 

Margaret Thwaite, 85 19 lmo. 1900 


Mary J. Trenholme, 81 15 2mo. 1900 
Guisborough. Wife of Thomas Trenholme. 

James Triggs, 84 13 12mo. 1899 


Sarah B. Tuckett, 54 24 5mo. 1900 

Clevedon. Widow of Alexander Tuckett. 
David Waddington, 65 27 llmo. 1899 

Heaton, near Bolton. 
Lydia Walker, 85 26 4mo. 1900 

Headingley. Widow of Thomas Walker. 
Martha Walker, 70 7 8mo. 1900 

Bradford. Wife of Charles C. Walker. 
Sarah A. Waller, 83 31 12mo. 1899 

Birmingham. Widow of William J. Waller. 
Arthur Wallis, 69 2 2mo. 1900 

Maria Wallis, 82 19 2mo. 1900 

Scarborough. A Minister. Wife of Francis 




George Walpgle, 82 11 7mo. 1900 

Water ford. 

John Wardell, 70 13 12mo. 1899 


Mary Ann Warner, 86 29 12mo. 1899 
Brighton. Widow of Charles Heath Warner. 

William T. Warner, 83 8 8mo. 1900 

James C. Waterfall, 40 15 12mo. 1899 

Handsworth, Birmingham. 
Robert It. Watson, 86 3 lmo. 1900 

William Watson, 71 1 lmo. 1900 


Arthur R. Webb, 14 27 4mo. 1900 

Bathmines. Son of Arthur Webb. 

Eliza Wheeler, 68 1 3mo. 1900 

Bristol. Wife of Joseph H. Wheeler. 

Peter White, 50 5 7mo. 1900 


Thomas R. White, 88 19 12mo. 1899 

Waterford. An Elder. 
William White, 80 11 9mo. 1900 

. Birmingham. A Minister. 

William White was born at Reading 
in 1820. He was trained as a printer, and, snmp vears' rftsideiice a/fe "Rnrt,nn-nn-Trpnf. 



and elsewhere he settled in Birmingham in 
1848, and that city was his home for the rest 
of his life. He was brought up as a Wesleyan ; 
but when about twenty years of age he be- 
came associated with some young Friends at 
Reading in Sunday School work, and was at- 
tracted to, and joined, the Society, of which he 
has ever since been so active and valuable a 

A few years before he came to Birmingham, 
the attention of the late Joseph Sturge had been 
drawn to the way in which Sunday was wasted 
by the idle youths who thronged the courts 
and alleys. The school accommodation of the 
town was entirely inadequate, and thousands 
were growing up in absolute ignorance. Joseph 
Sturge called together a number of his young 
friends, and suggested that a Sunday School 
should be started for such youths, when read- 
ing from the Bible and writing should be 
taught. The proposal was well taken up ; and 
by the time of William White's arrival, in 
1848, a fairly nourishing School had been estab- 
lished in the British School premises at Severn 
Street. William White at once threw himself 
with ardour into the work, taking charge of 
the older scholars, whom it was found better 



to separate from the boys. His kindly welcome 
and sympathy soon won a way to the hearts 
of the rough and illtrained men who were 
gathered in. He had in later years a bundle of 
2,500 of what he called his " love letters/' many 
of them touching tributes from men who wished 
to tell him of the change of life which had 
followed their entrance into his class. When 
a man came in little time was lost in setting 
him to do something for his fellow scholars, 
and for his former companions. William White 
was very successful in his selection of class 
officers and elementary teachers, whose loyal 
help enabled him to carry on successfully a 
class, the number of which at one time reached 
three hundred. As time went on and Board 
Schools came into existence the teaching of 
reading and writing became less important, 
and the Bible lesson, in which he and his 
coadjutors applied the teaching of the Bible to 
the practical problems of daily life, became 
increasingly prominent. He had a wonderful 
power of illustrating what he had to say by 
homely anecdotes, often drawn from his own 
experience, assisted by a quick observation, a 
keen sense of humour, and a very retentive 



The monthly week-night meeting was a 
great centre of class life, which William White 
always made an engagement of paramount im- 
portance ; and tea parties and excursions 
brought him further into close relations with 
the men. He also gave up a great deal of 
time to the visiting of their homes, which he 
tried to accomplish at least once a year, apart 
from special visits in cases of sickness or be- 
reavement. It was his kindly sympathy that 
made these visits so happy and helpful, just as 
his smile and hand-shake at the door of the 
class room paved the way for the lessons he 
was going to teach. As his assistant teacher 
says : " Sympathy that enabled him, not only 
to remember the name and face of every mem- 
ber of his class, but to enter into their joys 
and troubles, their hopes and fears, to ask 
after the wife or little ones, to inquire whether 
the rheumatism was better, or whether the 
scholar who was out of work had found em- 
ployment. We may think our memories are 
so bad that we could never do all this, but 
do we care enough? Are the concerns of our 
fellow-men of interest to us? In a word, are 
we sympathetic? In utter unselfishness, in 
thought for others, and forgetfulness of self, 



William White has seemed to me the most 
Christ-like man that I have ever known. He 
cherished a large faith in hnman kind, and 
because a man disappointed him once and 
again, and lapsed into his old evil habits, he 
did not therefore lose faith in him; rather he 
was ready to try to find him another chance, 
and to give him hearty sympathy and help." 

The manifold claims of his own class did 
not) prevent William White from spending 
himself without stint to support all the rapidly 
multiplying branches of Severn Street First- 
day School, or from taking an active part in 
the work of the teachers' meetings, from which 
he was^ seldom absent. Speaking came easily 
to him, but his addresses were almost always 
bright and racy and helpful, so that a visit 
from him was eagerly sought for and long re- 
membered. The Adult Schools which were es- 
tablished by other denominations shared his 
fostering care. The Midland Adult School 
Union, founded and largely supported by him, 
took him constantly to the towns and villages 
within forty miles of Birmingham. Most 
Friends know something of his work for the 
First-day School Association. Wherever there 
seemed a chance of getting Friends to start 




a School, or wherever a School invited him to 
its anniversary, or asked him for some help, 
he would try to go, often taking with him some 
members of his class, ready to testify, in a 
simple way, of the work it had done for them. 
These visits had generally a stimulating effect, 
for his simplicity and directness;, and his bro- 
therly, practical spirit, appealed to everyone 
who listened to him. All this work seemed to 
be no burden to him ; it was his life and happi- 
ness to give himself up to it. 

William White was a recorded minister, 
and a valued one ; but his service in the 
ministers' gallery, useful though it was, never 
seemed quite so much his calling as was 
the First-day School work. The great debt 
Vrhich the Society owes him, is for stimulating 
and inspiring so many of its younger members 
to enter into work which, while helping others, 
has been abundantly blessed to themselves, 
and has, in most cases, drawn them at the 
same time nearer in sympathy to itself. He 
valued very highly the special testimonies and 
privileges of the Society of Friends, and often 
dwelt upon them in meeting. It was instruc- 
tive to see how loyally he supported meetings 
for discipline, and how ready he was to accept 



his share, and more than his share, of service ; 
often volunteering to undertake work which 
his friends would have been ashamed to burden 
him with. But such work was no burden to 
him, it was his privilege. He did not wait to 
inquire whether some one else might be found 
to do the work better than he could ; if it 
came to him that was enough, and he did it 
to the best of his ability. It grieved him when 
one after another made excuses for declining 
appointments. He would point out that the 
mere fact that a Friend was nominated consti- 
tuted a call to him, not to be shrunk from 
except for very sufficient reason. 

The cause of Temperance was always very 
near to William White's heart. While placing 
more reliance on personal influence and quiet 
persuasion than on legislative measures, he 
greatly helped to found the Band of Hope and 
Blue Ribbon movements in Birmingham ; and he 
stuck valiantly to his teetotal principles 
through his mayoralty. His temperance work 
took a very practical form when he became a 
founder and director of the Birmingham Coffee 
House Company, which has been so successful 
in establishing attractive temperance restaur- 
ants in different parts of the city. There, as 



in his own and in the municipal business, he 
was particularly happy in his relations with his 
staff and workpeople. 

Dr. Dale said of his friend William White, 
that he was trying to get the will of God done 
on earth as it is in heaven, just as much when 
he was fighting St. Mary's Ward, just as much 
when he was speaking in the Town Council, 
as when he was teaching his Bible class on the 
Sunday morning. He entered the Town Coun- 
cil in 1873, after a severe struggle with the 
publicans' representative. He was soon ap- 
pointed chairman of the committee to carry 
out the improvement scheme to clear away 
the wretched, dilapidated buildings which fos- 
tered disease and crime in a bad district near 
the centre of the city. His speech, describing 
in detail the misery, the squalor, and the infant 
mortality, which he found when he visited each 
house of the miserable ward that he repre- 
sented, was an important factor in the success 
of the scheme, which resulted in the formation 
of the finest street in Birmingham on the site 
of these insanitary dwellings. As chairman 
of the Baths and Parks Committee, and for a 
time, of the Public Works Committee, as alder- 
man and magistrate, and as a governor of 



King Edward's School, he devoted to city work 
no small portion of the last thirty years of his 
life. When he became mayor in 1882, some 
of his friends felt doubtful whether he would 
succeed in the more important administrative 
work which fell upon him. But his integrity, 
courage, and common sense proved equal to 
every occasion ; and, while retaining all his char- 
acteristic simplicity, he passed through the 
ordeal of his year of office with entire credit 
and success. 

William White was a man of many inter- 
ests, and lived a full and happy life. Who 
shall say how much of his cheerfulness, and 
his power of seeing the bright side of things, 
came from his love of nature, and the hours 
before breakfast that he spent at work in his 
beautiful garden? How he loved to welcome 
into that garden his friends, his scholars, the 
tramway conductors, the School Board visitors, 
the telegraph messengers — anyone to whom its 
freshness and its beauty would be a pleasure 
and a rest! How keenly he relished any 
country excursion, and especially his annual 
Swiss tour ! These were no selfish enjoyments ; 
he repeatedly acted as cicerone for parties of 
his scholars, and the class at home always 



shared his happiness through the weekly let- 
ters which carried back with them some of the 
freshness of the mountain meadows, the pine 
woods and the glaciers. 

William White's home was a very happy 
and peaceful one. With family cares of his 
own he could scarcely have carried out all his 
multifarious occupations and engagements. But 
he was never married, and being free to go 
and come from his residence with his beloved 
brother and sister, Cornelius and Ann Pike, 
he was able to engage with an easy mind in 
an amount and variety of work which struck 
most people as overwhelming. His last years 
were, however, saddened by serious business 
anxieties ; but in spite of these he was 
actively engaged up to the last in the work 
he loved. 

Despite his great age, there came no stag- 
nation in his life, and little slackening of work. 
He kept " all the windows of his heart wide 
open to the day." His was, above all, a prac- 
tical Christianity ; but he had a very firm grasp 
of the faith of the Lord Jesus Christ, and few 
were his sermons in which he did not dwell 
upon it. The lessons of the Epistles of Peter 
and Timothy were often on his lips, and he 



loved to quote homely old hymns, and to refer 
to the faithful lives of early Friends. 

In thinking of the singular simplicity and 
beauty of his character, of his readiness to 
spend and be spent for others, one cannot fail 
to see that " the keynote of his character was 
absolute unselfishness. If he could do one of 
us a service, it never seemed to occur to him 
whether it was convenient or agreeable. He 
seemed to have attained to that high atmos- 
phere where duty and inclination are merged, 
and thereby life's most wearing conflict is 
ended. " 

John Whiting, 80 23 llmo. 1899 

Leeds. A Minister and Elder. 

In writing a short descriptive sketch of 
the life of John Whiting, we are conscious 
that he was not one of those who are called to 
a walk of great prominence amongst their 
fellow-men. He was possessed of no natural 
gifts of a sufficiently pronounced character to 
lead to distinction in any sphere of public 

He was neither politician, orator, nor 
scholar, but he was possessed of a faculty of 
sound common sense and excellent judgment, 
which not only aided him materially within 



the compass of his own sphere of life, but caused 
his fellow-men to repose confidence in him, and 
to seek his counsel and aid in many works 
of usefulness and benevolence. 

But more than this, he dwelt in Love. 
Love was to him the very atmosphere of his 
life, and that which supplied all its sunny 
brightness. Truly, it may be said of him that 
" he loved his fellows," fellows of all ranks of 
life, and not least those amongst the poor, the 
afflicted, and the suffering. And they loved 
him, influenced by the warmth and sympathy 
of his nature, and the unfailing gentleness of 
his disposition. 

Many were those who came to him from 
time to time in trouble and perplexity respect- 
ing their outward circumstances, and who al- 
ways found in him a sympathetic friend and 
wise counsellor. With the utmost ease and 
tact he was able to enter into conversation 
with strangers whom he might meet in course 
of a walk, by the roadside, in the fields, in the 
street, or on a railway journey ; and he often 
caused them to part company with him under 
a feeling that in a few brief moments or hours 
they had made a new friend. His help was 
always practical. He would say how he had 



astonished a gentleman by taking some heavy 
package and carrying it for him on his way to 
catch a train ; and a poor washerwoman tells 
how he would insist on carrying one of the 
bundles for her, going out of his way to take 
it home. 

Many and touching are the testimonies 
given, even by those who had only a casual 
personal acquaintance with him, that he was 
one in whom they instinctively felt they could 
trust. In all his relations with his fellow-men, 
in the Church, in business, in social and family 
life, it may be said that he strove to keep 
4i a conscience void of offence toward God and 

John Whiting was born at Hitchin, on 
Second Month 14th, 1819. It was always a 
matter of amusement to his children that he 
was never known to remember his own birth- 
day as it came round — a touch of self-forgetful- 
ness thoroughly characteristic of him. 

He was the son of John and Margaret 
Whiting, the fifth child in a family of four 
sons and two daughters. His mother was a 
daughter of the well known Thomas Shillito, 
who resided with the family at Hitchin during 
his latter years : and there he received the 



news of the death of George IV., and his 
grandson well remembered how he paced 
up and down the room for hours, deeply 
moved at the sorrowful tidings. He would 
hear later, probably, how the dying king, in 
whom he felt such a tender interest, had ex- 
pressed his desire to see again " the old Quaker 

In 1831, John Whiting and his brother 
Joshua were taken by their father to school at 
Ackworth, then under the superintendency of 
Robert Whittaker. It was General Meeting 
time ; they took the coach from Baldock to 
Went Bridge, whence they walked to the 
school, the cart, drawn by the school bull, 
conveying their luggage behind them. 

It was before the days of holidays, and 
neither of the brothers visited their home again 
before leaving school. In spite of the some- 
what Spartan fare, the school-days, with their 
bright companionships and hearty games, and 
the influence of good and kindly teachers, left 
a happy memory behind them. He often said 
afterwards that he cried when he went to Ack- 
worth and cried when he came away. 

At the age of fourteen he left school, and 
became apprentice to James Hotham, who 


carried on business as a general draper, $fc 
Leeds Bridge. 

In his eighteenth year he took a step then 
very unusual, in becoming a pledged total 
abstainer from intoxicating drinks. He joined 
the movement in the day of small things, when 
Temperance speakers were mostly working men, 
and when abstinence brought much ridicule, if 
not persecution. Very faithful and persistent 
in his own witness to the duty and benefits 
of total abstinence, he lived to see a complete 
change in public opinion, successive govern- 
ments making serious attempts to deal with 
the wide-spread evils of the drink traffic. His 
interest in the great question of Temperance 
Keform continued, and increased more and 
more as years passed on, and formed one of 
the last subjects on which he spoke only a few 
hours before his death. 

In 1846 James Hotham took him into 
partnership in his business, leaving to him 
the house at the Bridge. About a year later 
J. Whiting joined six other Friends in com- 
mencing the Friends' First-Day Schools in 
Leeds. He continued to take part in this work 
until the close of his life ; and it may perhaps 
be said that to it he owed the great happiness 



of his life, in his introduction to his future 
wife, Anna Rebecca Gilpin, which occurred 
during a visit he paid to his brother-in-law 
and eldest sister, Edward and Esther Latch- 
more, at Peckhani. 

Their long and happy married life began in 
1850. The wedding took place at Peckham, 
followed by a breakfast in Hughes' Hotel, in 
London, at which his wife's eldest brother, 
Charles Gilpin, M.P., was the host. 

For some years after their marriage they 
continued to live at the house at Bridge End, 
presiding over the household of eleven appren- 
tices ; and here the first three children were 
born. In 1856, after the death of James 
Hotham, they removed to Beech Grove, and 
about 1861 to Moorland Terrace, whence they 
went to Regent Villas. They finally settled at 
Cliff Side in 1890. 

During many years of active business life, 
in the course of which removal was successively 
made to larger premises in King Street and 
Wellington Street, it would be difficult to tell 
the crowded interests that filled his leisure 
time. Besides his Temperance work, he was 
deeply interested in the movement for the re- 
peal of the Corn Laws ; and it was only natural 



that the efforts of the Liberal reformers to 
better the lot of the poor and oppressed, met 
with his warm sympathy throughout his life. 
He served his town for five years as Coun- 
cillor, and for six years as Poor Law Guardian, 
and took a special personal interest in the work 
of the Charity Organisation Society. Passing 
over his work in connection with the Leeds 
Benevolent Society, the Guardian Home and 
other institutions, perhaps no municipal charity 
had such a place in his thoughts as the Leeds 
General Infirmary. He was for over twenty- 
seven years a member of the weekly Board, 
and this work was a source of constant interest 
to him, as was also the help he gave to the 
Cookridge Hospital and the Leeds Dispensary. 

There is little need to dwell on the picture 
of his active life, which is so living in the 
minds of all his friends, but perhaps we may 
quote a few lines of a letter, written some two 
years ago to his daughter, by a Wesleyan 
minister who had been his guest for some time 
at Cliff Side, to show the impression his life 
left on a stranger : "I shall often think of 
those walks and talks, and of the eager interest 
which Mr. Whiting manifested in everything 
pertaining to the welfare of the people, and to 

*\ | •' - 15 



the spread of the Kingdom; and of the happy 
way he had of securing the interest of the 
children, and the men sitting by the wayside, 
in anything he wished to say to them. All 
this will be a pleasure and inspiration to me, 
when I call it to mind in days to come." 

These words bring before us again those 
characteristics of cheerfulness and sympathy 
which he possessed in so marked a degree. One 
is not surprised to learn that in the early part 
of his business life, he was familiarly known by 
many of his customers as " smiling John." 

When in his usual good health his step 
was always elastic, and his spirits bright with 
the vivacity of youth. Before old age began 
to tell on him it was a frequent thing, after a 
day of the usual amount of vigorous exercise, 
for him to take a walk out after tea, " just to 
stretch my legs," as he would say. 

He was always delighted to romp with 
children, even to his old age, making himself 
completely one with them in their games and 
frolics. When well on towards his eightieth 
year, he would skip with the children in the 
Orphan Homes, and at seventy-nine took an 
animated part in a game of cricket with three 
*of his grand-children. 



Bound up with his love to the young, was 
also the deep interest that he felt throughout 
his life in the young men members of the Leeds 
meeting, and more especially in apprentices 
and others away from home. He would regu- 
larly ask them to his house on Sundays, and 
one cannot doubt that many would share in 
the feelings of one such, who, after many years 
interval, wrote of the lasting effect on his life 
that he owed to John Whiting's influence. In 
later years, the removal of the Flounders 
Institute to Leeds enabled him to show a 
similar warm interest in the students. 

John Whiting filled, for many years, the 
office of overseer and elder, for both of which 
he was greatly gifted, by his wide, wise, and 
loving sympathy ; and when he ceased to be an 
appointed overseer, his care over the members 
and attenders was still lovingly and diligently 

His gift in the ministry was recorded 
in 1889. He did not frequently speak, 
and never at length, but what he said was evi- 
dently the outcome of an earnest desire for 
the ingathering and growth of souls. He was 
diligent in attending the business meetings of 
the Society, and visiting the smaller meetings y 



even in his later years being often away on 
Sundays on this service. 

Frequently, in his desire for the mainten- 
ance of the spirit of fellowship and responsi- 
bility in our meetings for worship, he would 
call upon those present to come up together 
to the top of the meeting, sometimes saying, 
" it requires a little humility to take the upper 
seats " ; and at the commencement of the last 
Sunday evening meeting he attended at Carl- 
ton Hill, he gave this invitation, spreading out 
his arms with a loving gesture, saying, "Do, 
Friends, come together; do let us all come 
together in love." 

In speaking of this loving and gentle spirit 
of his, it is interesting to remember that in 
early years he had to contend with a very hot 
temper. He used to tell how, as a boy, he 
would go, in an access of passion, into a corner, 
and there struggle with his temper until the 
victory was obtained. 

The following incident illustrates the meek- 
ness and tenderness which ever characterised 
his walk and spirit. He was engaged in a brief 
conversation on one occasion with one of his 
sons and another individual, when a few words 
escaped his lips, which were possibly the out- 



come of a slight feeling of impatience, but 
which were entirely unnoticed as such by 
the two who heard. He left home that 
afternoon to attend some religious meet- 
ings. The following day his son received 
a letter from him, saying that he had been 
in considerable pain at the thought that 
by his hasty manner the previous after- 
noon he had hurt his son's feelings, and that 
he had been unable to profit by the meetings 
as he ought, without expressing his great regret 
at the words which he had uttered. 

His beloved wife's call home in Third- 
Month, 1897, was the sudden termination of a 
very closely united married life, of mutual 
labours and interests. The way in which he 
was upheld by divine grace, and enabled to go 
on without interruption in his service for the 
Church and for his Lord, was very teaching. 
On the way home from London with the re- 
mains of his dear one, he enjoyed the lovely 
sunshine which flooded the landscape, and re- 
marked, " This is so different from what I should 
have expected to feel ; it is almost as if I was 
coming home in triumph! " And it was so, for 
he was experiencing that the grace of God 
was sufficient for him in the deepest of all be* 



reavements. Amid the sorrow of their own 
loss, his friends recall how, looking wistfully 
at his dear one's vacant chair by the fireside, 
lie said, " I often think I see her sitting there, 
hut if I could, I would not call her back again." 

John Whiting's usually good health began 
to fail about a fortnight before his death. For 
some days the symptoms were not thought to 
be serious. On one of these days he expressed 
a little discouragement at his slow progress, 
and on being reminded of the words, " Streng- 
thened with all might according to His glorious 
power, unto all patience and long suffering, 
with joyfulness," said, " say that again." There 
was, however, very little expression of re- 
ligious feeling, and it is probable that it was 
not until the last day or two that he realised 
liis very serious condition. 

As the days wore on he became rapidly 
worse, and it was evident that the word had 
gone forth, and that the angel of death was 
speeding on his way to summon the aged ser- 
vant to the joy of his Lord. 

Members of his family were with him con- 
tinuously, and listened to many brief sentences, 
uttered with considerable difficulty of articula- 
tion, and these will always be precious to them. 



These last words had seldom reference to him- 
self. So truly did he " lose his life for others," 
and so little did self enter into his thoughts 
and calculations, that it was perhaps not sur- 
prising that even in the last hours his thoughts 
and sympathies went out to that wide circle 
of interest with which his active life had 
brought him into contact. He spoke of the 
subject of education in reference to the Society 
of Friends : " The efficient education of the 
children is most important " ; of the new Lord 
Mayor of Leeds, and his responsible position 
in view of the many important questions com- 
ing before the City Council; of the sick and 
wounded in South Africa. He quoted the 
words from Pro v. xvi., " When a man's ways 
please the Lord, he maketh even his enemies 
to be at peace, with him," adding, " That is true 
of the individual, and it is true of the nation." 

With respect to himself, his relations to- 
wards his Maker, and his preparedness for the 
summons to meet Him, no assurance was 
needed, but the words were uttered, "I think 
I can say in all sincerity, £ Peace, perfect 

The last connected sentence which he 
was heard to utter was in reference to the 



Temperance Conference then about to be held 
in Leeds : "It would be a matter for regret were 
the arrangements not carried out." Shortly 
after, he showed a faint sign of recognition 
of an old and intimate friend who called to bid 
him farewell, and in a short period must have 
relapsed into entire unconsciousness, from 
which he never rallied; and in the presence 
of all his family his life ebbed slowly away, 
until the end came, and he entered into 

What he is now we know not. 

He will be 
A beautiful likeness of the God that gave 
Him work to do, which he did do so well. 

— H. Coleridge. 

Mary E. Wicklow, 19 17 12mo. 1899 
Clontarf. Daughter of Joseph Wicklow. 

Arnold Wigham, 31 6 9mo. 1900 

Bathmines. Son of Henry Wigham. 

Eliza Wigham, 80 3 llmo. 1899 

Bathmines, formerly of Edinburgh. A Minis- 

Oh sweet calm face that seemed to wear 

The look of sins forgiven ! 
Oh, voice of prayer that seemed to bear 

Our own needs up to heaven ! 



How reverent in our midst she stood, 

Or knelt in grateful praise ! 
What grace of Christian womanhood 

Was in her household ways ! 

The dear Lord's best interpreters 

Are humble human souls ; 
The gospel of a life like hers 

Is more than books or scrolls. 

From scheme and creed the light goes out ; 

The saintly fact survives ; 
The blessed Master none can doubt 

Revealed in holy lives. 

Those who had personal intercourse with 
our late beloved friend will feel that these 
lines, from the pen of her favourite poet, are 
singularly suitable to commence this short 
sketch of her life. In the early part of the 
present century her father, John Wigham 
(tertius), left the old home of the Wigham 
family in Coanwood, Northumberland, and 
went to Edinburgh to join his cousin, John 
Wigham, Jun., who some years previously had 
commenced business as a shawl manufacturer. 
John Wigham (tertius) married Jane Richard- 
son, of Whitehaven, and there were several 
children, three of whom died in infancy. In 
the year 1819 the family moved to 5, South 
Gray Street, Newington, which at that time 
was almost in the country. Here Eliza Wig- 



ham was born on the 23rd of Second Month, 
1820. She was the third of the six surviving 
children, two sisters being older and three 
brothers younger than herself. In 1830 the 
beloved mother was removed by death, and 
one year later the eldest sister, Ann, at the 
age of sixteen ; a little brother also died about 
the same time. Their father did all in his 
power to fulfil his parental duties towards his 
motherless children, and with tender care and 
solicitude he brought them up in the nurture 
and admonition of the Lord. 

Their childhood was bright and happy, 
and as they grew older they entered with in- 
telligent interest into all the social, political, 
and philanthropic movements, which even then 
were characteristic of the citizens of Edinburgh. 
All the young people took a great delight in 
the beauties of Nature ; and Eliza, with her 
elder sister Mary and brother Henry, became 
ardent botanists. Many were the delightful 
rambles after some rare plant, distance and 
time being both forgotten in the pursuit of 
the coveted specimen. This love for and 
knowledge of flowers and plants remained 
with Eliza Wigham all her life. 

The home of her father's cousin, John 



Wigham, Jun., in Salisbury Road, was a centre 
for much of the philanthropic and political 
interest of the time, John Wigham being an 
ardent politician and social reformer. Here 
the young people came in contact with some 
of the leading spirits of progress and philan- 
thropy, and imbibed that enthusiastic love for 
truth and righteousness, and hatred of every 
form of wrong and oppression, which was such 
a leading characteristic of Eliza Wigham' s life. 
The agitation for the abolition of negro slavery 
in the West Indies was just then at its height, 
and Edinburgh soon took a leading place in 
the struggle. The young people at South 
Gray Street entered eagerly into the work ; 
and thus commenced Eliza Wigham's self- 
denying labours on behalf of the slave. In 
1838 the slaves in the West Indies were eman- 
cipated at the cost of £20,000,000, and all lovers 
of freedom and justice rejoiced ; and then 
came the cry from the United States of Chris- 
tian America, where four millions of human 
beings were held in cruel bondage. Once more 
the abolitionists buckled on their armour and 
entered with holy zeal and devotion into the 
struggle on behalf of the down-trodden and 
oppressed. Some of this noble band fell in the 



fight, but many were permitted to see the glad 
day when, by Abraham Lincoln's proclamation, 
the slaves were set free. To quote from Eliza 
Wigham's reminiscences : " Well do we recol- 
lect the exultant poem of Whittier, who, sit- 
ting in meeting, heard the bells chime forth 
the glorious note of freedom — 

Lord forgive us, what are we ? 
That our eyes this glory see. 

In the year 1840 her sister Mary married 
Joshua Edmundson, of Dublin, and in the same 
year her father was married for the second time 
to Jane Smeal, of Glasgow. This connection 
proved a very happy one ; step-daughter and 
step-mother became warmly attached to each 
other, and the latter entered heartily into the < 
many movements with which Eliza Wigham 
was identified. 

Frequent visits were paid to her sister's 
home in Dublin. The little nephews and nieces 
there were an intense delight and constant 
source of interest to her; and when this be- 
loved sister was left a widow, Eliza Wigham's 
special gift of sympathy was exercised to bring 
comfort and consolation into the sorrowing 

Her younger brother John had entered the 



business of his brother-in-law in Dublin soon 
after his sister's marriage, and some years later 
her brother Henry also settled there. Both 
were married, and in the increasing family 
circle her periodical visits were always looked 
forward to with the greatest pleasure. To her 
nephews and nieces she was ever the beloved 
Auntie, their most delightful playfellow, en- 
tering with youthful zest and fun into all 
their games, telling stories in her own racy 
and inimitable style, joining in their country 
walks and teaching them to love the beauties 
of Nature and the wonders of creation in the 
woods, on! the mountain side, or by the sea- 
shore, and above all leading their young hearts 
upwards from Nature to Nature's God. With 
all children and young people she was a great 
favourite. A girl friend of her niece writes 
after her death : " She was so much connected 
with our young, happy days, so sweet and lov- 
ing always, that we envied you for having 
such an aunt. I remember thinking her a per- 
fect aunt, and we used to wish we had an aunt 
like her." 

In the year 1864 Eliza Wigham's father 
died, leaving a great blank in the little house- 
hold. Her step-mother and she lived on in. 




the old house together. Their home was a 
social centre where their friends loved to 
gather, and their hospitality was unbounded. 
To the many students who came year by year 
to Edinburgh, the house in South Gray Street 
was always open. How many can recall the 
happy hours spent in the stimulating society 
of Eliza Wigham. Her power of entering into 
the feelings and aims of young people made 
her a very happy companion, and her quaint 
humour and bright charm of manner were 
irresistible. J.D. writes: "I went to Edin- 
burgh as a student quite a stranger. I was 
soon asked to her home and made welcome 
there. I personally had many kind tokens of 
her goodness of heart and Christian interest, 
as indeed was shown to all the students. I 
think I never knew anyone so unselfish and so 
full of love to everyone as she was." And 
again, from one who was at school in Edin- 
burgh : " I shall never forget the kindness of 
Eliza Wigham to me when I was at school 
in Edinburgh. Her sweet, saintly face comes 
before me as I write. I think one of the good 
works with which her life was filled was the 
way she opened her house in Gray Street to 
home-sick schoolgirls and students, and made 



them welcome there. I spent many a happy 
Saturday afternoon with her." 

Eliza Wigham was a Friend, not only by 
birthright but by heartfelt conviction ; and 
she had a profound belief in, and acceptance of, 
the principles and jaractice of the Society. 
She was an attached member of the little 
meeting in Edinburgh, and was a diligent at- 
tender of all meetings for worship and dis- 
cipline. The children of the meeting were her 
especial care, and for some years she con- 
ducted a Missionary Helpers' Union in her own 
house, arranging and preparing the work her- 
self, and before they left entertaining them 
to tea. She took a warm motherly interest in 
the small scattered meetings in Scotland, often 
paying them visits, which were greatly appre- 
ciated. She was a regular attender of the 
London Yearly Meeting while health and 
strength permitted. Her loving exhortations 
and wise counsel will long be remembered by 
those who had the privilege of meeting with 
her in religious fellowship. 

She was recorded as a Minister in 1867, 
havirig spoken in meetings for worship for 
several years previously. She did not feel 
called upon to visit distant meetings with min- 



tites, but her ministry wherever she went was 
reverent, full of love, and winning. Her ad- 
dresses were not lengthy, and there was little 
of what may be called doctrinal in them ; but- 
holding the truth as it is in Jesus, she seemed 
to uplift her hearers to the Heavenly aspira- 
tions and experience, out of the fulness of 
which she spoke. Her ministry was marked, 
particularly at times, by much spiritual power, 
and bore evidence that she spoke that which 
she knew for herself and had experienced of 
the Word of Life. 

Of her inner life it is not easy to write. 
She never kept a diary, and she did not often 
speak to others of her inmost feelings. The 
secret of the Lord is with them that fear Him ; 
and pre-eminently hers was a life hid with 
Christ in God. Humility was a marked feature 
of her character. She often spoke of her fail- 
ures, and of her great unworthiness of all the 
mercies and blessings which she received. To 
those about her she seemed to live in such 
close communion with her Saviour that all 
could take knowledge of her that she had been 
with Jesus. Love was the key-note of her 
life, love to God and love to man, and this 
love inspired all her words and actions. 



To those in suffering or sorrow her very 
presence brought soothing and comfort. A 
lady writes of her visits : " She was to me in 
my own sorrow and trouble a ministering angel. 
She always seemed to me as though she lived 
within the gates of Heaven." 

A few extracts from letters addressed to 
a young cousin in times of sore bereavement 
may be included here. On the death of a 
brother she writes : " My dearest G. — We are 
all feeling very tenderly with you in the great 
deep trial which has come so suddenly on you. 
We could not have believed that dear H. was 
so soon] to be taken from the sight of those 
who loved him so much upon earth, so young, 
and full of promise ; but then we believe he 
has entered into tne eternal world, into the 
realm of perfected love, where no shadow can 
ever come, and where he may rejoice for ever ; 
no fear of blight, for promise there is crowned 
with fruition. But you are left without him, 
and God only can comfort you in this trial. 
May He, who wept with the sisters at Bethany, 
be near to whisper that He is the Ressurection 
and the Life. Farewell, my darling child, may 
God help thee and give thee grace to fulfil all 
the duties which yet devolve upon thee, guide 



thee by His counsel, and afterwards, when thou 
liast finished thy work upon earth and known 
His presence with thee, even in the darker 
pathway here, receive thee to glory." And 
again, about a year later, to the same cousin 
on the death of her father : " I am with thee 
in tenderest sympathy in this rresh and very 
great trial. May'st thou know the everlasting 
arm to be underneath for thy support, and the 
gracious assurance from God Himself — 1 When 
though passest through the waters I will be 
with thee, and through the rivers they shall 
not overflow thee : when thou passest through 
the fire thou shalt not be burned, neither shal] 
the name kindle upon thee.' May all sweet 
assurances of the love and sympathy of Jesus 
be thine, darling." 

The cause of Temperance was one which 
lay very near the heart of Eliza Wigham. and 
in which she took an active part. She signed 
the total abstinence pledge in the early year? 
of the movement, and from that time forward, 
by her voice and pen. as well as by her personal 
induence. she did all in her power to advance 
the cause. When the Scottish Women's Chris- 
tian Temperance Union was formed she became 
a vice-president, and was one of its fore- 



most workers. She was a bright and telling 
speaker, and the persuasive charm of her man- 
ner had a wonderfully attractive power on her 
hearers. Her efforts to bring legislation to 
bear upon the evils of the drink traffic, and to 
improve the condition of those degraded by it, 
were unceasing and earnest. She also la- 
boured long and strenuously in the cause of 
social purity, and, in conjunction with others, 
she waged a resolute war against the iniquitous 
laws for legalising vice. 

Eliza Wigham was a warm adherent to the 
various movements for securing justice to wo- 
men socially and politically, and her efforts 
were devoted to the furtherance of the medical 
education of women, and to their admission to 
public boards. She took a great interest in 
workhouse management, and for many years 
she regularly visited a district workhouse, 
reading to the poor women and bringing them 
little extra comforts. 

In the agitation for women's suffrage she 
took a leading part, and acted as secretary to 
the Edinburgh Society from its commencement, 
frequently pleading the justice of the claims 
of women for Parliamentary franchise in public 
and in private. That she looked upon this 



movement, as she did upon all her social and 
philanthropic undertakings, as work for her 
Divine Master, without whose blessing no suc- 
cess could be attained, is evidenced by the 
following little incident from a fellow-worker : 
"I well remember at a very large meeting in 
Glasgow for the franchise for women, Mrs. 
McLaren, of Newington House, was in the 
chair, and in the galleries were gentlemen and 
young students prepared to sneer at the whole 
thing. Mrs. McLaren said we would have a 
few minutes for silent prayer. There was 
silence, and then Elba's clear voice was heard, 
and she began her prayer with the words, 
' Lord, hear us when we call.' The effect was 
most marked ; at once the most thoughtless 
seemed struck, and they became quiet and re- 
spectful to the very end of the meeting." 

The cause of Peace found in her a fearless 
advocate, and she warmly supported every 
movement in favour of arbitration instead of 
war. After the Franco-German war she or- 
ganised working parties to send clothing to 
the poor people in the districts ravaged by 
the war ; and again, in the time of the distress 
in Bosnia, the same energetic aid was extended. 
The bundles prepared were despatched to the 



care of the Misses Irby and Johnston, who 
spared no pains or physical suffering in 
their efforts to relieve the oppressed. They 
established a school for the orphans, which 
claimed the loving interest of Eliza Wig- 
ham. She collected a considerable sum 
yearly for its support. In later years 
her sympathy for the suffering and oppressed 
was again awakened for the poor Armenians. 
The fearful massacres perpetrated by the Turks 
aroused universal horror, and in Edinburgh, as 
in other places, a committee was formed to 
send such relief as was possible. During this 
time Eliza Wigham, while very infirm herself, 
received into her house a little Armenian girl, 
whose mother was a victim of the massacres. 

Of her manifold works for the good of her 
native city it would be impossible to speak in 
detail. Her counsel and practical help were 
sought after by all who needed assistance. To 
the poor she was ever a loving and kind friend. 
No one who came to her in trouble was ever 
sent away without cheer and comfort. For 
thirty-seven years she conducted a Mothers' 
Meeting near her own home, and in connection 
with it she started a Penny Bank, which proved 
a great benefit to the poor people of the neigh- 



bourhood. A few words from the last report 
written after her death may be quoted : " ' The 
memory of the just is blessed. 5 These words 
of the old Book recur to not a few among us 
as to-day we bless God for the privilege of 
calling Miss Wigham friend. The charm of 
her unique personality was irresistible, it acted 
like a spell. The influence of her character 
sweetened and ennobled life. It will be a long 
time before the members of the Causeway Side 
Mothers' Meeting and Penny Bank forget the 
picturesque figure, the winsome smile, the 
silvery voice, and the loving heart of Eliza 

Another institution which claimed much 
interest was the Dean Bank Home for pre- 
venting neglected and destitute young girls 
from falling into crime. She visited the Home 
as frequently as time permitted, and during 
the summer she invited parties of the girls 
to tea in her garden, which were always occa- 
sions of much enjoyment. 

Her services as a speaker were constantly 
sought after, and she never refused such invi- 
tations unless otherwise engaged. She fre- 
quently was asked to give addresses at gospel 
services and young women's Bible classes ; and 



at Temperance meetings of all kinds she was 
most popular. A sketch written after her death 
by a fellow-worker for a local Christian paper, 
gives so true a picture of her life in Edinburgh 
that a portion of it may fittingly be inserted 
here : " In all moral and social movements Eliza 
Wigham took a large share in Modern Athens, 
and her influence was more potent in securing 
their advancement than any other in the city. 
Nor did she seek publicity. Indeed, she 
shrank from it. Her delight was to go with 
her bag over her arm, and alone, to her work 
of visiting those requiring spiritual and ma- 
terial aid, and encourage them to seek strength, 
comfort, and guidance where it could alone be 
had. She was deeply interested in children. 
I have seen her frequently in the midst of a 
group, smiling on them all, as they took hold 
of her hand, or held her by the dress, as if 
to touch the hem of her garment gave them 
joy. The first time I heard Eliza Wigham 
speak was in the Friends' Meeting-house, 
Pleasaunce. A distinguished preacher among 
the Friends was present, who was expected to 
give an address. We sat in silence for some 
time. One rose and said a few words. The 
stranger followed, and then Miss Wigham rose. 



In an instant the atmosphere was changed. 
The mellow, sweet spirit came consciously out 
of the soul of the speaker, which at once 
seized the hearts of all persent. As the ad- 
dress proceeded, the face of the speaker be- 
came bright as with a heavenly radiance, and 
the unction of the Holy Ghost was distilled 
from her lips. The place was a sacred place. 
God was there, and to many it was the very 
open gate of heaven. 

"The peculiar spiritual power of Eliza 
Wigham's speech was manifested on many occa- 
sions in a marvellous degree. It was always 
present, but not always equally powerful. One 
instance may be given of her influence even 
over those who were not, in the circumstances 
in which they were placed, accustomed to such 
things. We got, after some pressure, Miss 
Wigham to be one of a deputation to wait on 
the Lord Provost and magistrates just as they 
were to cross the street to occupy the bench 
of the Licensing Court. They were not in the 
best humour with the deputation, and were 
anxious to get to their other work. Several 
gentlemen spoke, but their words were like 
beating the air. Eliza Wigham' s name was 
called out by the clerk, and she stepped for- 



ward and, facing the bench, began in the low, 
rather plaintive tone, which was the manner 
of her utterances, to state the case and to 
enforce the duties of those who had so much 
power in their hands for good or evil. She 
had not uttered two sentences till she raised 
the question into the highest region, and 
brought those addressed into the presence of 
God and His Son, who came to destroy the 
works of the devil. A solemn awe fell on all 
present, and their Honours were visibly im- 
pressed. The woman did what twenty men 
could not have accomplished. 

"The last time we saw and heard Miss 
Wigham was in January, 1896, when she and 
I were called upon to address, one Sabbath 
evening, a meeting composed of showmen, per- 
formers and others, who were engaged in the 
carnival. The assembly was a motley one, all 
ages and conditions of the class being present. 
I anticipated great things from her on that 
occasion, and was not disappointed. The other 
speakers reached the ear of the audience, and 
some of them scarcely that ; she reached the 
heart. At once she identified herself with all 
present, and then lifted them all up and linked 
them as with golden chains round the feet of 




Jesus Christ. There was no effort, no bril- 
liant passages, no overpowering appeals ; there 
was only the simple language of a child of 
God, who told her story to other children who 
had not come to realise His love as she had 
done. The fragrance of that hour is with me 

" Eliza Wigham, saintly, womanly, and 
true is gone. She is one of the great women 
of the century, and has left behind her no 
scars, but healed hearts, dried eyes, and saved 
souls. She was Martha and Mary in one, de- 
lighting to get ready the food for the bodies 
and souls of the hungry and sad, and it was 
rapture to her to sit at the feet of Jesus, to 
hear His life-giving words. Farewell till the 
morning, friend of the friendless and lover of 

In the year 1888 Jane Wigham died, after 
a long period of mental and bodily failure. 
Eliza Wigham devoted herself with the tender 
assiduity of a daughter to the care and nursing 
of this beloved mother. The strain upon her 
was at times very great, but day by day she 
received the needed strength. One of the 
Edinburgh students writes of her at this period : 
" To enter that home and watch those two lives 



in the evening of their days, and witness the 
absolute self-renunciation of Eliza Wigham, 
her constant watchfulness, her super-human 
patience and gentleness was a religious educa- 

After her step-mother's death Eliza Wig- 
ham lived alone, but her solitude was fre- 
quently enlivened by visits from her relatives, 
and occasionally one of her nieces or grand- 
nieces resided with her for several weeks at a 
time. They looked upon it as a great privilege 
to be with their beloved aunt, and to share in 
her beneficent life. A young grandniece 
writes : " What a beautiful life hers has been ! 
She always seemed to have a greater power of 
love and sympathy than any other person I 
knew. No one will ever know what a help her 
life has been to me. I look back to the times 
I spent with her in Edinburgh as some of the 
happiest and most blessed of my life ; it was 
not so much anything she actually said to me, 
but her whole life seemed so Christ-like and 

A cousin writes : " All who knew her will 
agree that a more beautiful character could 
scarcely be found on earth. To be in her pre- 
sence was to n:o always a lift upward. It is 



a precious memory to know and love such a 
character ,; ; and another testimony from a 
business man : " Her very presence was a re- 
flection patent to all of the fuller life amongst 
the saints. My memory of her must go back 
for nearly sixty years, and not once during all 
that period have I seen her without being im- 
pressed as if she were, as the angel Gabriel, to 
bring good tidings and to inspire hope that the 
tender mercy of our God would even reach 
men absorbed in business and choked with 

For many years Eliza Wigham had suf- 
fered from rheumatic gout, which caused con- 
siderable lameness and difficulty in moving 
about. She would not allow this infirmity to 
interfere altogether with her active life, and 
she persevered in carrying on her benevolent 
work when to her friends it seemed that her 
bodily powers were not equal to the strain 
put upon them. The death of her much-loved 
brother Henry in the autumn of 1897 was a 
sore trial, and was the first break in the little 
band of brothers and sisters. Her relatives in 
Dublin had frequently urged her to take up 
her residence amongst them, and now that she 
was increasingly feeble, it seemed desirable and 



necessary; but she clung to her Edinburgh 
home and all its cherished associations, and 
she could not be persuaded. After her brother's 
death, however, she made up her mind that it 
would be right for her to spend the remaining 
years of her life with those nearest and dearest 
to her ; so the old house at 5, South Gray 
Street was disposed of in Fifth Month, 1898, 
and she went to live with her widowed sister- 
in-law in the suburbs of Dublin. The sever- 
ance of the life-long ties which bound her to 
the beautiful city of her birth was a keen trial, 
and her removal caused heartfelt and universal 
sorrow among her friends in Edinburgh. A 
farewell meeting was held at 5, St. Andrew 
Square, on the eve of her departure, when she 
was presented with a beautifully illuminated 
address of sympathy and regret on the occasion 
of her leaving the city. The following conclud- 
ing words in the reply to the address, touch 
on the motives which chiefly decided her to 
move to Ireland : " But there are other ties 
which seem to call more insistently — the dear 
ties of affection and love, and I feel it best to 
go. When sometimes we look at the map we 
think the Irish Channel is but a narrow strip 
of water, and that we are very close to Ire- 



land ; but sometimes the Angel of Death comes 
and makes us feel what a very wide channel 
that Irish Channel is. Then we feel we fain 
would bridge it when the Angel of Death 
comes in between and prevents the clasping of 
hands and the raying good-bye. That is the 
feeling, I think, which induced me to decide that 
I had better go over to live among my pre- 
cious kindred in Ireland, while there is still 
time, that when the hour comes for me to 
say good-bye I shall be among them all. Love 
is a great thing. It is love that makes the 
child of God. It is the love of the Heavenly 
Father that is a bond stronger than anything 
we can understand. This love surrounds all 
the children of our Father, and this love, 
dear friends, we shall feel the strongest bond 
between us all. I thank you all from my full 
heart, but I feel how unworthy I am of all 
your kindness ; I bid you all an affectionate 
farewell; but sometimes I think good-bye is 
a better word, it means God be with you; 
therefore I say to you, God be with you all 
through life, through death, even to the end." 

It was a great joy to her relatives in Dub- 
lin to have her among them, and they hoped 
that with care and rest she might be spared 



for some time. She attended meeting as long 
as her strength permitted, and her ministry 
was greatly valued by the members of Dublin 
meeting. During the summer of 1899 it was 
evident that her strength was failing, and 
towards autumn she became rapidly weaker. 
About ten days before the end she was moved 
to the residence of her sister, Mary Edmund- 
son, and there, on the 3rd of Eleventh Month, 
just as the dawn was breaking, she gently and 
peacefully passed away to be " for ever with 
the Lord." 

Alone unto our Father's will 
One thought hath reconciled, 

That He whose love exceedeth ours 
Has taken home his child. 

Still let her mild rebuking stand, 

Between us and the wrong ; 
And her dear memory serve to make 

Our faith in goodness strong. 

Fold her, O Father, in Thine arms, 

And let her henceforth be 
A messenger of love between 

Our human hearts and Thee. 

Mary Wigham, 65 23 12mo. 1899 

Monkstown. Wife of John R. Wigham. 

Charles Wilson, 87 2V 9mo. 1900 

Calder Bridge. An Elder. 



Emilie H. Wilson, 60 18 lmo. 1900 

Leeds. Wife of John J. Wilson. 
Anna M. Woods, 48 22 lmo. 1900 

Bathgar. Wife of Frederick W. Woods. 
Arthur, Woodward, 59 8 lmo. 1900 


Anne Woolley, 80 11 4mo. 1900 

Moate. Widow of Thomas Woolley. 

Thomas Wright, 88 27 7mo. 1900 


Isabel Yates, 42 5 llmo. 1899 

Darlington. Wife of Christopher Yates. 

Isabel M. Yeomans, 7 13 llmo. 1899 
Sheffield. Daughter of Thomas S. and Ger- 
trude Yeomans. 

Infants whose names are not inserted: 

Boys. Girls. 

Under three months 4 1 

From three to six months 2 1 

From six to twelve months . 1